TEMPORARY REMOVAL: Structural stigma and all-cause mortality in sexual minority populations.

Overview of attention for article published in Social Science & Medicine, January 2013
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  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • Among the highest-scoring outputs from this source (#14 of 2,993)
  • High score compared to outputs of the same age (98th percentile)
  • High score compared to outputs of the same age and source (96th percentile)

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Title
TEMPORARY REMOVAL: Structural stigma and all-cause mortality in sexual minority populations.
Published in
Social Science & Medicine, January 2013
DOI 10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.06.005
Pubmed ID
Authors

Hatzenbuehler ML, Bellatorre A, Lee Y, Finch B, Muennig P, Fiscella K

Abstract

Stigma operates at multiple levels, including intrapersonal appraisals (e.g., self-stigma), interpersonal events (e.g., hate crimes), and structural conditions (e.g., community norms, institutional policies). Although prior research has indicated that intrapersonal and interpersonal forms of stigma negatively affect the health of the stigmatized, few studies have addressed the health consequences of exposure to structural forms of stigma. To address this gap, we investigated whether structural stigma-operationalized as living in communities with high levels of anti-gay prejudice-increases risk of premature mortality for sexual minorities. We constructed a measure capturing the average level of anti-gay prejudice at the community level, using data from the General Social Survey, which was then prospectively linked to all-cause mortality data via the National Death Index. Sexual minorities living in communities with high levels of anti-gay prejudice experienced a higher hazard of mortality than those living in low-prejudice communities (Hazard Ratio [HR] = 3.03, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] = 1.50, 6.13), controlling for individual and community-level covariates. This result translates into a shorter life expectancy of approximately 12 years (95% C.I.: 4-20 years) for sexual minorities living in high-prejudice communities. Analysis of specific causes of death revealed that suicide, homicide/violence, and cardiovascular diseases were substantially elevated among sexual minorities in high-prejudice communities. Strikingly, there was an 18-year difference in average age of completed suicide between sexual minorities in the high-prejudice (age 37.5) and low-prejudice (age 55.7) communities. These results highlight the importance of examining structural forms of stigma and prejudice as social determinants of health and longevity among minority populations.

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Mendeley readers

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Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 10 14%
United Kingdom 1 1%
South Africa 1 1%
PR 1 1%
Unknown 60 82%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 4 5%
Librarian 3 4%
Other 2 3%
Professor 1 1%
Unknown 63 86%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Social Sciences 24 33%
Psychology 22 30%
Medicine 15 21%
Education 2 3%
Humanities 2 3%
Other 4 5%
Unknown 4 5%

Score in context

This research output has an Altmetric score of 106. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This score was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 30 January 2016.
All research outputs
#31,302
of 4,723,481 outputs
Outputs from Social Science & Medicine
#14
of 2,993 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#1,624
of 129,293 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Social Science & Medicine
#1
of 25 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 4,723,481 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,993 research outputs from this source. They typically receive more attention than average, with a mean score of 7.8. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this score to the 129,293 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 98% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 25 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 96% of its contemporaries.