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Nonadherence to immunosuppressives and treatment in kidney transplant: ADHERE BRAZIL Study

Overview of attention for article published in Revista de Saúde Pública, May 2021
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Title
Nonadherence to immunosuppressives and treatment in kidney transplant: ADHERE BRAZIL Study
Published in
Revista de Saúde Pública, May 2021
DOI 10.11606/s1518-8787.2021055002894
Pubmed ID
Authors

Elisa Oliveira Marsicano-Souza, Fernando Colugnati, Sabina De Geest, Helady Sanders-Pinheiro

Abstract

To estimate the prevalence and variability of nonadherence to immunosuppressives and nonpharmacological treatment across kidney transplantation centers and two health access-disparate regions in Brazil. In a cross-sectional design, a random multistage sample of 1,105 patients was included, based on center transplantation activity (low/moderate/high) and region (R1: North/Northeast/Mid-West; and R2: South/Southeast). Nonadherence to immunosuppressives (implementation phase) was assessed using the Basel Assessment of Adherence to Immunosuppressive Medications Scale (BAASIS)©. Self-report questionnaires assessed nonadherence to physical activity, smoking cessation, alcohol intake, and appointment keeping. We compared regions using the adjusted-χ2 or t-test. Most patients were men (58.5%), white (51.4%), and had a mean age of 47.5 (SD = 12.6) years. Regarding kidney transplantation centers, 75.9% were from R2 and 38.2% had low activity. The patients in R2 were older, white-majority, had more frequently steady partners, and received peritoneal dialysis. Nonadherence to immunosuppressives ranged from 11-65.2%; 44.5-90% to physical activity; 0-23.7% to appointment keeping; and 0-14% to smoking cessation. The total prevalence of nonadherence and by region (R1 versus R2) were: for immunosuppressives, 39.7% (44.9% versus 38.1%, p = 0.18); for smoking, 3.9% (1% versus 5%, p < 0.001); for physical activity, 69.1% (71% versus 69%, p = 0.48); for appointment keeping, 13% (12.7% versus 12%, p = 0.77); and for alcohol consumption, 0%. Despite differences among centers and high variability, only the nonadherence to smoking cessation was higher in the region with greater access to kidney transplantation. We suppose that differences in healthcare access may have been overcome by other positive aspects of the post kidney transplantation treatment.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 11 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 11 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Postgraduate 3 27%
Student > Bachelor 2 18%
Student > Master 2 18%
Other 1 9%
Unknown 3 27%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Nursing and Health Professions 3 27%
Medicine and Dentistry 3 27%
Social Sciences 1 9%
Unknown 4 36%