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Vaccination status of people living with HIV/AIDS in outpatient care in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil

Overview of attention for article published in The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases : an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases, August 2016
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Title
Vaccination status of people living with HIV/AIDS in outpatient care in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil
Published in
The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases : an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases, August 2016
DOI 10.1016/j.bjid.2016.07.006
Pubmed ID
Authors

Cunha, Gilmara Holanda da, Galvão, Marli Teresinha Gimeniz, Medeiros, Camila Martins de, Rocha, Ryvanne Paulino, Lima, Maria Amanda Correia, Fechine, Francisco Vagnaldo

Abstract

Antiretroviral therapy has increased the survival of patients with HIV/AIDS, thus necessitating health promotion practice with immunization. Vaccines are critical components for protecting people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). The purpose of study was to analyze the vaccination status of PLWHA in outpatient care in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. Cross-sectional study performed from June 2014 to June 2015. The screening was done with patients in antiretroviral therapy, 420 patients underwent screening, but only 99 met the inclusion criteria. Data were collected for interviews using forms to characterize sociodemographic, clinical and vaccination situations. Only 14 patients had complete vaccination schedules. The most used vaccines were hepatitis B, influenza vaccine and 23-valent pneumococcal. There was no difference between men and women regarding the proportion of PLWHA with full vaccination schedule or between sex, skin color, marital status, sexual orientation, religion or occupational status. There was no difference between having or not having a complete vaccination schedule and age, years of education, family income or number of hospitalizations. CD4+ T-cells count of patients with incomplete immunization was lower than patients with complete immunization. Health education strategies can be done individually or in groups to explain the importance of vaccination and to remind about doses to be administered. Most patients did not have proper adherence to vaccination schedules, especially due to lack of guidance. Results implied that education in health is important for vaccination adhesion, knowledge of adverse events and continuation of schemes.

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Mendeley readers

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Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 65 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 11 17%
Student > Bachelor 10 15%
Researcher 7 11%
Student > Ph. D. Student 6 9%
Student > Postgraduate 4 6%
Other 13 20%
Unknown 14 22%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Nursing and Health Professions 17 26%
Medicine and Dentistry 16 25%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 2 3%
Arts and Humanities 2 3%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 3%
Other 7 11%
Unknown 19 29%