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Unveiling the geography of historical patents in the United States from 1836 to 1975

Overview of attention for article published in Scientific Data, August 2016
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (78th percentile)

Mentioned by

twitter
10 tweeters

Citations

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13 Dimensions

Readers on

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35 Mendeley
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Title
Unveiling the geography of historical patents in the United States from 1836 to 1975
Published in
Scientific Data, August 2016
DOI 10.1038/sdata.2016.74
Pubmed ID
Authors

Sergio Petralia, Pierre-Alexandre Balland, David L. Rigby

Abstract

It is clear that technology is a key driver of economic growth. Much less clear is where new technologies are produced and how the geography of U.S. invention has changed over the last two hundred years. Patent data report the geography, history, and technological characteristics of invention. However, those data have only recently become available in digital form and at the present time there exists no comprehensive dataset on the geography of knowledge production in the United States prior to 1975. The database presented in this paper unveils the geography of historical patents granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) from 1836 to 1975. This historical dataset, HistPat, is constructed using digitalized records of original patent documents that are publicly available. We describe a methodological procedure that allows recovery of geographical information on patents from the digital records. HistPat can be used in different disciplines ranging from geography, economics, history, network science, and science and technology studies. Additionally, it is easily merged with post-1975 USPTO digital patent data to extend it until today.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 10 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 35 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 1 3%
Unknown 34 97%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 16 46%
Other 3 9%
Researcher 3 9%
Professor > Associate Professor 2 6%
Lecturer 2 6%
Other 6 17%
Unknown 3 9%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Economics, Econometrics and Finance 16 46%
Business, Management and Accounting 3 9%
Social Sciences 3 9%
Engineering 2 6%
Computer Science 1 3%
Other 4 11%
Unknown 6 17%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 8. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 21 November 2016.
All research outputs
#2,436,106
of 14,559,728 outputs
Outputs from Scientific Data
#566
of 1,150 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#56,489
of 261,838 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Scientific Data
#1
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 14,559,728 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done well and is in the 83rd percentile: it's in the top 25% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,150 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 25.1. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 50% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 261,838 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done well, scoring higher than 78% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them