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Prevalence and diagnostics of congenital malaria in rural Burundi, a cross-sectional study

Overview of attention for article published in Malaria Journal, August 2016
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  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (59th percentile)

Mentioned by

6 tweeters


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55 Mendeley
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Prevalence and diagnostics of congenital malaria in rural Burundi, a cross-sectional study
Published in
Malaria Journal, August 2016
DOI 10.1186/s12936-016-1478-0
Pubmed ID

Jorgen Stassijns, Wilma van den Boogaard, Pieter Pannus, Alphonse Nkunzimana, Anna Rosanas-Urgell


Congenital malaria, defined as the presence of asexual forms of malaria parasites in the peripheral blood during the first 7 days of life, remains a neglected area of research. Knowledge gaps exist about prevalence and management of malaria in this age group. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of congenital malaria and the validity of a rapid diagnostic test (RDT) for its diagnosis in rural Burundi. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a meso-endemic malaria context in Burundi among 290 mothers, and their newborns (n = 303), who delivered at the maternity departments of Kirundo and Mukenke Hospitals during March and April 2014. Peripheral blood samples were collected from all mothers/newborns pairs in order to examine the presence of malaria parasites with two RDT (SD-Bioline HRP2 and Carestart pan-pLDH) and a blood slide. In addition, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed from the newborn peripheral sample. Frequencies and proportions were calculated for categorical variables. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated with a 95 % confidence interval (CI). None of the newborns were found positive by PCR (0/303; 95 % CI 0.0-1.3). The prevalence in newborns born from microscopy-positive mothers was 0 % (0/44; 95 % CI 0.0-8.0). Two newborns were positive with SD-Bioline HRP2 (0.7 %, 95 % CI 0.2-2.4) but none with Carestart pan-pLDH or microscopy. Sensitivity of the diagnostic tests could not be evaluated as no congenital malaria was detected. Specificity of SD-Bioline HRP2, Carestart pan-pLDH and microscopy to detect congenital malaria was 99.3 % (95 % CI 97.6-99.8), 100.0 % (95 % CI 98.3-100.0) and 100.0 % (95 % CI 98.8-100.0), respectively. In Burundi or the Central African region, no recent prevalence studies for congenital malaria have been carried out. This study found that the prevalence of congenital malaria in two hospitals in Kirundo province is zero. RDT showed to have an excellent specificity and, therefore, can be used to rule out congenital malaria: the risk of overtreatment is low. However, as no cases of congenital malaria were detected, the study was not able to draw conclusions about the sensitivity of the RDT, nor about risk factors for congenital malaria. Further studies evaluating the sensitivity of RDT for diagnosis of congenital malaria are needed.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 6 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 55 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 55 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 13 24%
Student > Ph. D. Student 9 16%
Student > Postgraduate 7 13%
Student > Bachelor 6 11%
Researcher 5 9%
Other 10 18%
Unknown 5 9%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 19 35%
Immunology and Microbiology 9 16%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 7 13%
Nursing and Health Professions 5 9%
Social Sciences 2 4%
Other 5 9%
Unknown 8 15%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 3. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 07 October 2016.
All research outputs
of 14,708,324 outputs
Outputs from Malaria Journal
of 4,272 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 261,345 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Malaria Journal
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 14,708,324 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 47th percentile – i.e., 47% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 4,272 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 5.7. This one is in the 43rd percentile – i.e., 43% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 261,345 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 59% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them