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Sugar Industry and Coronary Heart Disease Research

Overview of attention for article published in JAMA Internal Medicine, November 2016
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • One of the highest-scoring outputs from this source (#2 of 4,012)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (99th percentile)

Citations

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137 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
279 Mendeley
citeulike
2 CiteULike
Title
Sugar Industry and Coronary Heart Disease Research
Published in
JAMA Internal Medicine, November 2016
DOI 10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.5394
Pubmed ID
Authors

Cristin E. Kearns, Laura A. Schmidt, Stanton A. Glantz

Abstract

Early warning signals of the coronary heart disease (CHD) risk of sugar (sucrose) emerged in the 1950s. We examined Sugar Research Foundation (SRF) internal documents, historical reports, and statements relevant to early debates about the dietary causes of CHD and assembled findings chronologically into a narrative case study. The SRF sponsored its first CHD research project in 1965, a literature review published in the New England Journal of Medicine, which singled out fat and cholesterol as the dietary causes of CHD and downplayed evidence that sucrose consumption was also a risk factor. The SRF set the review's objective, contributed articles for inclusion, and received drafts. The SRF's funding and role was not disclosed. Together with other recent analyses of sugar industry documents, our findings suggest the industry sponsored a research program in the 1960s and 1970s that successfully cast doubt about the hazards of sucrose while promoting fat as the dietary culprit in CHD. Policymaking committees should consider giving less weight to food industry-funded studies and include mechanistic and animal studies as well as studies appraising the effect of added sugars on multiple CHD biomarkers and disease development.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2,781 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 279 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Netherlands 1 <1%
Chile 1 <1%
South Africa 1 <1%
New Zealand 1 <1%
Taiwan 1 <1%
Spain 1 <1%
Unknown 273 98%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 50 18%
Student > Master 36 13%
Student > Ph. D. Student 33 12%
Student > Bachelor 30 11%
Other 20 7%
Other 78 28%
Unknown 32 11%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 83 30%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 36 13%
Nursing and Health Professions 23 8%
Social Sciences 23 8%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 14 5%
Other 54 19%
Unknown 46 16%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 5168. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 30 June 2020.
All research outputs
#191
of 15,370,443 outputs
Outputs from JAMA Internal Medicine
#2
of 4,012 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#2
of 266,184 outputs
Outputs of similar age from JAMA Internal Medicine
#1
of 137 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 15,370,443 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 4,012 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 133.6. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 266,184 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 137 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.