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Taurine 8

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Cover of 'Taurine 8'

Table of Contents

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    Book Overview
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    Chapter 1 Neuropsychopharmacological Actions of Taurine
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    Chapter 2 Taurine and Its Neuroprotective Role
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    Chapter 3 Antidepressant-Like Effect of Chronic Taurine Administration and Its Hippocampal Signal Transduction in Rats
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    Chapter 4 Direct Interaction of Taurine with the NMDA Glutamate Receptor Subtype via Multiple Mechanisms
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    Chapter 5 The modulatory role of taurine in retinal ganglion cells.
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    Chapter 6 Taurine is a crucial factor to preserve retinal ganglion cell survival.
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    Chapter 7 Taurine regulation of voltage-gated channels in retinal neurons.
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    Chapter 8 The Effect of Folic Acid on GABA(A)-B 1 Receptor Subunit.
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    Chapter 9 Taurine counteracts the suppressive effect of lipopolysaccharide on neurogenesis in the hippocampus of rats.
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    Chapter 10 Perinatal taurine exposure programs patterns of autonomic nerve activity responses to tooth pulp stimulation in adult male rats.
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    Chapter 11 Regulation of Taurine Release in the Hippocampus of Developing and Adult Mice
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    Chapter 12 Evaluation of the taurine concentrations in dog plasma and aqueous humour: a pilot study.
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    Chapter 13 Protective effect of taurine on down-regulated expression of thyroid hormone receptor genes in brains of mice exposed to arsenic.
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    Chapter 14 Taurine exerts robust protection against hypoxia and oxygen/glucose deprivation in human neuroblastoma cell culture.
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    Chapter 15 The effects of chronic taurine supplementation on motor learning.
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    Chapter 16 Changes in gene expression at inhibitory synapses in response to taurine treatment.
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    Chapter 17 Taurine Effects on Emotional Learning and Memory in Aged Mice: Neurochemical Alterations and Differentiation in Auditory Cued Fear and Context Conditioning
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    Chapter 18 Rising taurine and ethanol concentrations in nucleus accumbens interact to produce the dopamine-activating effects of alcohol.
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    Chapter 19 Thiotaurine prevents apoptosis of human neutrophils: a putative role in inflammation.
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    Chapter 20 Protection by Taurine Against INOS-Dependent DNA Damage in Heavily Exercised Skeletal Muscle by Inhibition of the NF-κB Signaling Pathway.
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    Chapter 21 Effect of taurine chloramine on differentiation of human preadipocytes into adipocytes.
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    Chapter 22 Taurine Chloramine Administered In Vivo Increases NRF2-Regulated Antioxidant Enzyme Expression in Murine Peritoneal Macrophages.
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    Chapter 23 Influence of Taurine Haloamines (TauCl and TauBr) on the Development of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm: A Preliminary Study.
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    Chapter 24 Inhibitory Effects of Taurine on STZ-Induced Apoptosis of Pancreatic Islet Cells.
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    Chapter 25 Taurine's Effects on the Neuroendocrine Functions of Pancreatic β Cells.
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    Chapter 26 Antidiabetic effect of taurine in cultured rat skeletal l6 myotubes.
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    Chapter 27 Protection by taurine and thiotaurine against biochemical and cellular alterations induced by diabetes in a rat model.
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    Chapter 28 The effects of taurine and thiotaurine on oxidative stress in the aorta and heart of diabetic rats.
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    Chapter 29 Comparative evaluation of taurine and thiotaurine as protectants against diabetes-induced nephropathy in a rat model.
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    Chapter 30 Taurine may not alleviate hyperglycemia-mediated endoplasmic reticulum stress in human adipocytes.
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    Chapter 31 Taurine regulation of blood pressure and vasoactivity.
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    Chapter 32 Synergistic effects of taurine and L-arginine on attenuating insulin resistance hypertension.
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    Chapter 33 High Sugar Intake Blunts Arterial Baroreflex via Estrogen Receptors in Perinatal Taurine Supplemented Rats.
Attention for Chapter 18: Rising taurine and ethanol concentrations in nucleus accumbens interact to produce the dopamine-activating effects of alcohol.
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Chapter title
Rising taurine and ethanol concentrations in nucleus accumbens interact to produce the dopamine-activating effects of alcohol.
Chapter number 18
Book title
Taurine 8
Published in
Advances in experimental medicine and biology, January 2013
DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-6130-2_18
Pubmed ID
Book ISBNs
978-1-4614-6129-6, 978-1-4614-6130-2
Authors

Ericson M, Chau P, Adermark L, Söderpalm B, Mia Ericson, PeiPei Chau, Louise Adermark, Bo Söderpalm

Editors

Abdeslem El Idrissi, William J. L'Amoreaux

Abstract

Alcohol misuse and addiction is a worldwide problem causing enormous individual suffering as well as financial costs for the society. To develop pharmacological means to reduce suffering, we need to understand the mechanisms underlying the effects of ethanol in the brain. Ethanol is known to increase extracellular levels of both dopamine and taurine in the nucleus accumbens (nAc), a part of the brain reward system, but the two events have not been connected. In previous studies we have demonstrated that glycine receptors in the nAc are involved in modulating both basal- and ethanol-induced dopamine output in the same brain region. By means of in vivo microdialysis in freely moving rats we here demonstrate that the endogenous glycine receptor ligand taurine mimics ethanol in activating the brain reward system. Furthermore, administration of systemic ethanol diluted in an isotonic (0.9% NaCl) or hypertonic (3.6% NaCl) saline solution was investigated with respect to extracellular levels of taurine and dopamine in the nAc. We found that ethanol given in a hypertonic solution, contrary to an isotonic solution, failed to increase concentrations of both taurine and dopamine in the nAc. However, a modest, non-dopamine elevating concentration of taurine in the nAc disclosed a dopamine elevating effect of systemic ethanol also when given in a hypertonic solution. We conclude that the elevations of taurine and dopamine in the nAc are closely related and that in order for ethanol to induce dopamine release, a simultaneous increase of extracellular taurine levels in the nAc is required. These data also -provide support for the notion that the nAc is the primary target for ethanol in its dopamine-activating effect after systemic administration and that taurine is a prominent participant in activating the brain reward system.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 13 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 13 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 6 46%
Student > Ph. D. Student 2 15%
Student > Doctoral Student 1 8%
Other 1 8%
Lecturer > Senior Lecturer 1 8%
Other 1 8%
Unknown 1 8%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Neuroscience 6 46%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 23%
Computer Science 1 8%
Medicine and Dentistry 1 8%
Unknown 2 15%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 08 October 2013.
All research outputs
#2,731,677
of 3,673,162 outputs
Outputs from Advances in experimental medicine and biology
#652
of 982 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#61,758
of 85,759 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Advances in experimental medicine and biology
#9
of 12 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 3,673,162 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 24th percentile – i.e., 24% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 982 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 2.2. This one is in the 32nd percentile – i.e., 32% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
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We're also able to compare this research output to 12 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 25th percentile – i.e., 25% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.