The extent of histological organ involvement (HOI) to organs and structures of a retroperitoneal liposarcoma may have prognostic implications. This study investigated incidence, characteristics, and risk association of HOI in these patients.
Data of patients who underwent multivisceral resection for primary liposarcoma (2009-2014) were retrospectively analyzed. HOI was the variable of interest and was classified into four degrees: absent (HOI-0), perivisceral (HOI-1), initial (HOI-2), and advanced (HOI-3). Primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). Secondary endpoint was disease-free survival (DFS). The prognostic value of HOI was adjusted for preoperative treatment and the Sarculator nomogram score.
A total of 109 patients were included. HOI-0, HOI-1, HOI-2, and HOI-3 were detected in 9 (8.3%), 11 (10.1%), 43 (39.4%), and 46 (42.2%) patients. Median follow-up was 8.4 years [interquartile range (IQR) 7.2-9.6 years]. There were 68 recurrences and 50 patient deaths observed, resulting in a 10-year OS and DFS of 51.1% [95% confidence interval (CI) 41.9-62.1%] and 34.1% (95% CI 25.2-46.1%), respectively. Clinically relevant HOIs (HOI-2 and HOI-3) were found in 35/45 (77.8%) and 54/64 (84.4%) cases of well- and de-differentiated liposarcomas, respectively. On multivariable survival analysis, patients with HOI-3 had significantly shorter OS (HOI-3 vs HOI-0/HOI-1 HR 2.92; p = 0.012) and DFS (HOI-3 vs HOI-0/HOI-1 HR 2.23; p = 0.045), independently of the nomogram score (OS: HR 2.93; p < 0.001; DFS: HR 1.78; p = 0.003).
Initial and advanced HOIs are frequently detected in both well-differentiated and de-differentiated liposarcomas, supporting that multivisceral resection may be needed. HOI stratifies the risk of patients with primary retroperitoneal liposarcoma.