An oxidoreductase gene CtnD involved in citrinin biosynthesis in Monascus purpureus verified by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing and overexpression
Mycotoxin Research, June 2023
Guangfu Tang, Haiqiao Man, Jiao Wang, Jie Zou, Jiehong Zhao, Jie Han
Monascus produces a kind of mycotoxin, citrinin, whose synthetic pathway is still not entirely clear. The function of CtnD, a putative oxidoreductase located upstream of pksCT in the citrinin gene cluster, has not been reported. In this study, the CtnD overexpressed strain and the Cas9 constitutively expressed chassis strain were obtained by genetic transformation mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The pyrG and CtnD double gene-edited strains were then obtained by transforming the protoplasts of the Cas9 chassis strain with in vitro sgRNAs. The results showed that overexpression of CtnD resulted in significant increases in citrinin content of more than 31.7% and 67.7% in the mycelium and fermented broth, respectively. The edited CtnD caused citrinin levels to be reduced by more than 91% in the mycelium and 98% in the fermented broth, respectively. It was shown that CtnD is a key enzyme involved in citrinin biosynthesis. RNA-Seq and RT-qPCR showed that the overexpression of CtnD had no significant effect on the expression of CtnA, CtnB, CtnE, and CtnF but led to distinct changes in the expression of acyl-CoA thioesterase and two MFS transporters, which may play an unknown role in citrinin metabolism. This study is the first to report the important function of CtnD in M. purpureus through a combination of CRISPR/Cas9 editing and overexpression.
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