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Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale for patients seeking esthetic surgery: cross-cultural validation study

Overview of attention for article published in Sao Paulo Medical Journal, July 2016
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Title
Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale for patients seeking esthetic surgery: cross-cultural validation study
Published in
Sao Paulo Medical Journal, July 2016
DOI 10.1590/1516-3180.2016.0068160416
Pubmed ID
Authors

Ramos, Tatiana Dalpasquale, Brito, Maria José Azevedo de, Piccolo, Mônica Sarto, Rosella, Maria Fernanda Normanha da Silva Martins, Sabino Neto, Miguel, Ferreira, Lydia Masako, Ramos, Tatiana Dalpasquale, Brito, Maria José Azevedo de, Piccolo, Mônica Sarto, Rosella, Maria Fernanda Normanha da Silva Martins, Sabino Neto, Miguel, Ferreira, Lydia Masako

Abstract

Rhinoplasty is one of the most sought-after esthetic operations among individuals with body dysmorphic disorder. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt and validate the Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale. Cross-cultural validation study conducted in a plastic surgery outpatient clinic of a public university hospital. Between February 2014 and March 2015, 80 consecutive patients of both sexes seeking rhinoplasty were selected. Thirty of them participated in the phase of cultural adaptation of the instrument. Reproducibility was tested on 20 patients and construct validity was assessed on 50 patients, with correlation against the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale for Body Dysmorphic Disorder. The Brazilian version of the instrument showed Cronbach's alpha of 0.805 and excellent inter-rater reproducibility (intraclass correlation coefficient, ICC = 0.873; P < 0.001) and intra-rater reproducibility (ICC = 0.939; P < 0.001). Significant differences in total scores were found between patients with and without symptoms (P < 0.001). A strong correlation (r = 0.841; P < 0.001) was observed between the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale for Body Dysmorphic Disorder and the Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.981, thus showing good accuracy for discriminating between presence and absence of symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder. Forty-six percent of the patients had body dysmorphic symptoms and 54% had moderate to severe appearance-related obsessive-compulsive symptoms. The Brazilian version of the Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale is a reproducible instrument that presents face, content and construct validity.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 63 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 63 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 10 16%
Student > Master 9 14%
Student > Postgraduate 9 14%
Student > Ph. D. Student 7 11%
Unspecified 5 8%
Other 13 21%
Unknown 10 16%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 19 30%
Psychology 10 16%
Nursing and Health Professions 9 14%
Unspecified 5 8%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 2 3%
Other 5 8%
Unknown 13 21%