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Linking anti-predator behaviour to prey demography reveals limited risk effects of an actively hunting large carnivore

Overview of attention for article published in Ecology Letters, June 2013
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (97th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (87th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
4 news outlets
blogs
2 blogs
policy
1 policy source
twitter
9 tweeters
facebook
1 Facebook page

Citations

dimensions_citation
91 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
351 Mendeley
citeulike
1 CiteULike
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Title
Linking anti-predator behaviour to prey demography reveals limited risk effects of an actively hunting large carnivore
Published in
Ecology Letters, June 2013
DOI 10.1111/ele.12133
Pubmed ID
Authors

Arthur D. Middleton, Matthew J. Kauffman, Douglas E. McWhirter, Michael D. Jimenez, Rachel C. Cook, John G. Cook, Shannon E. Albeke, Hall Sawyer, P. J. White

Abstract

Ecological theory predicts that the diffuse risk cues generated by wide-ranging, active predators should induce prey behavioural responses but not major, population- or community-level consequences. We evaluated the non-consumptive effects (NCEs) of an active predator, the grey wolf (Canis lupus), by simultaneously tracking wolves and the behaviour, body fat, and pregnancy of elk (Cervus elaphus), their primary prey in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. When wolves approached within 1 km, elk increased their rates of movement, displacement and vigilance. Even in high-risk areas, however, these encounters occurred only once every 9 days. Ultimately, despite 20-fold variation in the frequency of encounters between wolves and individual elk, the risk of predation was not associated with elk body fat or pregnancy. Our findings suggest that the ecological consequences of actively hunting large carnivores, such as the wolf, are more likely transmitted by consumptive effects on prey survival than NCEs on prey behaviour.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 9 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 351 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 8 2%
France 4 1%
United Kingdom 4 1%
Canada 3 <1%
Brazil 2 <1%
Czechia 1 <1%
India 1 <1%
South Africa 1 <1%
Australia 1 <1%
Other 6 2%
Unknown 320 91%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 100 28%
Student > Master 67 19%
Researcher 56 16%
Student > Bachelor 35 10%
Student > Doctoral Student 15 4%
Other 46 13%
Unknown 32 9%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 213 61%
Environmental Science 67 19%
Earth and Planetary Sciences 10 3%
Psychology 5 1%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 3 <1%
Other 8 2%
Unknown 45 13%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 57. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 26 March 2019.
All research outputs
#346,402
of 14,553,216 outputs
Outputs from Ecology Letters
#212
of 2,278 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#3,600
of 153,761 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Ecology Letters
#7
of 55 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 14,553,216 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 97th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,278 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 22.4. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 90% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 153,761 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 97% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 55 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done well, scoring higher than 87% of its contemporaries.