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Deep-Sea Bioluminescence Blooms after Dense Water Formation at the Ocean Surface

Overview of attention for article published in PLOS ONE, July 2013
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (96th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (93rd percentile)

Mentioned by

2 news outlets
2 blogs
1 policy source
23 tweeters
1 Google+ user


54 Dimensions

Readers on

126 Mendeley
1 CiteULike
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Deep-Sea Bioluminescence Blooms after Dense Water Formation at the Ocean Surface
Published in
PLOS ONE, July 2013
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0067523
Pubmed ID

Christian Tamburini, Miquel Canals, Xavier Durrieu de Madron, Loïc Houpert, Dominique Lefèvre, Séverine Martini, Fabrizio D'Ortenzio, Anne Robert, Pierre Testor, Juan Antonio Aguilar, Imen Al Samarai, Arnaud Albert, Michel André, Marco Anghinolfi, Gisela Anton, Shebli Anvar, Miguel Ardid, Ana Carolina Assis Jesus, Tri L. Astraatmadja, Jean-Jacques Aubert, Bruny Baret, Stéphane Basa, Vincent Bertin, Simone Biagi, Armando Bigi, Ciro Bigongiari, Claudio Bogazzi, Manuel Bou-Cabo, Boutayeb Bouhou, Mieke C. Bouwhuis, Jurgen Brunner, José Busto, Francisco Camarena, Antonio Capone, Christina Cârloganu, Giada Carminati, John Carr, Stefano Cecchini, Ziad Charif, Philippe Charvis, Tommaso Chiarusi, Marco Circella, Rosa Coniglione, Heide Costantini, Paschal Coyle, Christian Curtil, Patrick Decowski, Ivan Dekeyser, Anne Deschamps, Corinne Donzaud, Damien Dornic, Hasankiadeh Q. Dorosti, Doriane Drouhin, Thomas Eberl, Umberto Emanuele, Jean-Pierre Ernenwein, Stéphanie Escoffier, Paolo Fermani, Marcelino Ferri, Vincenzo Flaminio, Florian Folger, Ulf Fritsch, Jean-Luc Fuda, Salvatore Galatà, Pascal Gay, Giorgio Giacomelli, Valentina Giordano, Juan-Pablo Gómez-González, Kay Graf, Goulven Guillard, Garadeb Halladjian, Gregory Hallewell, Hans van Haren, Joris Hartman, Aart J. Heijboer, Yann Hello, Juan Jose Hernández-Rey, Bjoern Herold, Jurgen Hößl, Ching-Cheng Hsu, Marteen de Jong, Matthias Kadler, Oleg Kalekin, Alexander Kappes, Uli Katz, Oksana Kavatsyuk, Paul Kooijman, Claudio Kopper, Antoine Kouchner, Ingo Kreykenbohm, Vladimir Kulikovskiy, Robert Lahmann, Patrick Lamare, Giuseppina Larosa, Dario Lattuada, Gordon Lim, Domenico Lo Presti, Herbert Loehner, Sotiris Loucatos, Salvatore Mangano, Michel Marcelin, Annarita Margiotta, Juan Antonio Martinez-Mora, Athina Meli, Teresa Montaruli, Luciano Moscoso, Holger Motz, Max Neff, Emma nuel Nezri, Dimitris Palioselitis, Gabriela E. Păvălaş, Kevin Payet, Patrice Payre, Jelena Petrovic, Paolo Piattelli, Nicolas Picot-Clemente, Vlad Popa, Thierry Pradier, Eleonora Presani, Chantal Racca, Corey Reed, Giorgio Riccobene, Carsten Richardt, Roland Richter, Colas Rivière, Kathrin Roensch, Andrei Rostovtsev, Joaquin Ruiz-Rivas, Marius Rujoiu, Valerio G. Russo, Francisco Salesa, Augustin Sánchez-Losa, Piera Sapienza, Friederike Schöck, Jean-Pierre Schuller, Fabian Schussler, Rezo Shanidze, Francesco Simeone, Andreas Spies, Maurizio Spurio, Jos J. M. Steijger, Thierry Stolarczyk, Mauro G. F. Taiuti, Simona Toscano, Bertrand Vallage, Véronique Van Elewyck, Giulia Vannoni, Manuela Vecchi, Pascal Vernin, Guus Wijnker, Jorn Wilms, Els de Wolf, Harold Yepes, Dmitry Zaborov, Juan De Dios Zornoza, Juan Zúñiga


The deep ocean is the largest and least known ecosystem on Earth. It hosts numerous pelagic organisms, most of which are able to emit light. Here we present a unique data set consisting of a 2.5-year long record of light emission by deep-sea pelagic organisms, measured from December 2007 to June 2010 at the ANTARES underwater neutrino telescope in the deep NW Mediterranean Sea, jointly with synchronous hydrological records. This is the longest continuous time-series of deep-sea bioluminescence ever recorded. Our record reveals several weeks long, seasonal bioluminescence blooms with light intensity up to two orders of magnitude higher than background values, which correlate to changes in the properties of deep waters. Such changes are triggered by the winter cooling and evaporation experienced by the upper ocean layer in the Gulf of Lion that leads to the formation and subsequent sinking of dense water through a process known as "open-sea convection". It episodically renews the deep water of the study area and conveys fresh organic matter that fuels the deep ecosystems. Luminous bacteria most likely are the main contributors to the observed deep-sea bioluminescence blooms. Our observations demonstrate a consistent and rapid connection between deep open-sea convection and bathypelagic biological activity, as expressed by bioluminescence. In a setting where dense water formation events are likely to decline under global warming scenarios enhancing ocean stratification, in situ observatories become essential as environmental sentinels for the monitoring and understanding of deep-sea ecosystem shifts.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 23 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 126 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
France 4 3%
Netherlands 1 <1%
Brazil 1 <1%
South Africa 1 <1%
United Kingdom 1 <1%
Spain 1 <1%
Japan 1 <1%
United States 1 <1%
Unknown 115 91%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 47 37%
Student > Bachelor 21 17%
Student > Ph. D. Student 18 14%
Professor 6 5%
Professor > Associate Professor 5 4%
Other 14 11%
Unknown 15 12%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 27 21%
Earth and Planetary Sciences 24 19%
Environmental Science 20 16%
Physics and Astronomy 19 15%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 4 3%
Other 13 10%
Unknown 19 15%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 46. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 01 May 2021.
All research outputs
of 23,323,574 outputs
Outputs from PLOS ONE
of 199,411 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 195,573 outputs
Outputs of similar age from PLOS ONE
of 4,768 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 23,323,574 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 96th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 199,411 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 15.3. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 94% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 195,573 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 96% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 4,768 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 93% of its contemporaries.