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Facebook Use Predicts Declines in Subjective Well-Being in Young Adults

Overview of attention for article published in PLoS ONE, August 2013
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • One of the highest-scoring outputs from this source (#4 of 141,163)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (99th percentile)

Citations

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396 Dimensions

Readers on

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1211 Mendeley
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24 CiteULike
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Title
Facebook Use Predicts Declines in Subjective Well-Being in Young Adults
Published in
PLoS ONE, August 2013
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0069841
Pubmed ID
Authors

Ethan Kross, Philippe Verduyn, Emre Demiralp, Jiyoung Park, David Seungjae Lee, Natalie Lin, Holly Shablack, John Jonides, Oscar Ybarra

Abstract

Over 500 million people interact daily with Facebook. Yet, whether Facebook use influences subjective well-being over time is unknown. We addressed this issue using experience-sampling, the most reliable method for measuring in-vivo behavior and psychological experience. We text-messaged people five times per day for two-weeks to examine how Facebook use influences the two components of subjective well-being: how people feel moment-to-moment and how satisfied they are with their lives. Our results indicate that Facebook use predicts negative shifts on both of these variables over time. The more people used Facebook at one time point, the worse they felt the next time we text-messaged them; the more they used Facebook over two-weeks, the more their life satisfaction levels declined over time. Interacting with other people "directly" did not predict these negative outcomes. They were also not moderated by the size of people's Facebook networks, their perceived supportiveness, motivation for using Facebook, gender, loneliness, self-esteem, or depression. On the surface, Facebook provides an invaluable resource for fulfilling the basic human need for social connection. Rather than enhancing well-being, however, these findings suggest that Facebook may undermine it.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 1,423 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 1,211 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 25 2%
United Kingdom 15 1%
Germany 7 <1%
Spain 7 <1%
Brazil 6 <1%
Australia 6 <1%
Japan 4 <1%
Canada 4 <1%
France 4 <1%
Other 41 3%
Unknown 1092 90%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 269 22%
Student > Master 222 18%
Student > Ph. D. Student 214 18%
Researcher 112 9%
Student > Doctoral Student 82 7%
Other 312 26%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 446 37%
Social Sciences 210 17%
Unspecified 124 10%
Computer Science 79 7%
Medicine and Dentistry 69 6%
Other 283 23%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 3048. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 20 June 2019.
All research outputs
#233
of 13,134,783 outputs
Outputs from PLoS ONE
#4
of 141,163 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#2
of 153,745 outputs
Outputs of similar age from PLoS ONE
#1
of 3,797 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 13,134,783 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 141,163 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 12.0. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 153,745 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 3,797 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.