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Video game training enhances cognitive control in older adults

Overview of attention for article published in Nature, September 2013
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  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (99th percentile)

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mendeley
2060 Mendeley
citeulike
11 CiteULike
Title
Video game training enhances cognitive control in older adults
Published in
Nature, September 2013
DOI 10.1038/nature12486
Pubmed ID
Authors

J. A. Anguera, J. Boccanfuso, J. L. Rintoul, O. Al-Hashimi, F. Faraji, J. Janowich, E. Kong, Y. Larraburo, C. Rolle, E. Johnston, A. Gazzaley

Abstract

Cognitive control is defined by a set of neural processes that allow us to interact with our complex environment in a goal-directed manner. Humans regularly challenge these control processes when attempting to simultaneously accomplish multiple goals (multitasking), generating interference as the result of fundamental information processing limitations. It is clear that multitasking behaviour has become ubiquitous in today's technologically dense world, and substantial evidence has accrued regarding multitasking difficulties and cognitive control deficits in our ageing population. Here we show that multitasking performance, as assessed with a custom-designed three-dimensional video game (NeuroRacer), exhibits a linear age-related decline from 20 to 79 years of age. By playing an adaptive version of NeuroRacer in multitasking training mode, older adults (60 to 85 years old) reduced multitasking costs compared to both an active control group and a no-contact control group, attaining levels beyond those achieved by untrained 20-year-old participants, with gains persisting for 6 months. Furthermore, age-related deficits in neural signatures of cognitive control, as measured with electroencephalography, were remediated by multitasking training (enhanced midline frontal theta power and frontal-posterior theta coherence). Critically, this training resulted in performance benefits that extended to untrained cognitive control abilities (enhanced sustained attention and working memory), with an increase in midline frontal theta power predicting the training-induced boost in sustained attention and preservation of multitasking improvement 6 months later. These findings highlight the robust plasticity of the prefrontal cognitive control system in the ageing brain, and provide the first evidence, to our knowledge, of how a custom-designed video game can be used to assess cognitive abilities across the lifespan, evaluate underlying neural mechanisms, and serve as a powerful tool for cognitive enhancement.

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Mendeley readers

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Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 45 2%
Germany 13 <1%
United Kingdom 11 <1%
Spain 11 <1%
Japan 11 <1%
France 6 <1%
Canada 6 <1%
Brazil 6 <1%
Italy 5 <1%
Other 42 2%
Unknown 1904 92%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 446 22%
Researcher 361 18%
Student > Master 328 16%
Student > Bachelor 269 13%
Student > Doctoral Student 112 5%
Other 377 18%
Unknown 167 8%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 763 37%
Neuroscience 209 10%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 201 10%
Medicine and Dentistry 141 7%
Computer Science 130 6%
Other 340 17%
Unknown 276 13%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1364. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 05 August 2020.
All research outputs
#3,312
of 15,649,269 outputs
Outputs from Nature
#489
of 75,328 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#27
of 163,767 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Nature
#6
of 1,077 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 15,649,269 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 75,328 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 84.8. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 163,767 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1,077 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.