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Reading Literary Fiction Improves Theory of Mind

Overview of attention for article published in Science, October 2013
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • Among the highest-scoring outputs from this source (#38 of 45,194)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (99th percentile)

Readers on

mendeley
810 Mendeley
citeulike
11 CiteULike
Title
Reading Literary Fiction Improves Theory of Mind
Published in
Science, October 2013
DOI 10.1126/science.1239918
Pubmed ID
Authors

David Comer Kidd, Emanuele Castano, D. C. Kidd, E. Castano

Abstract

Understanding others' mental states is a crucial skill that enables the complex social relationships that characterize human societies. Yet little research has investigated what fosters this skill, which is known as Theory of Mind (ToM), in adults. We present five experiments showing that reading literary fiction led to better performance on tests of affective ToM (experiments 1 to 5) and cognitive ToM (experiments 4 and 5) compared with reading nonfiction (experiments 1), popular fiction (experiments 2 to 5), or nothing at all (experiments 2 and 5). Specifically, these results show that reading literary fiction temporarily enhances ToM. More broadly, they suggest that ToM may be influenced by engagement with works of art.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 1,018 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 810 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 26 3%
United Kingdom 16 2%
Spain 7 <1%
Germany 5 <1%
Netherlands 5 <1%
France 4 <1%
Brazil 4 <1%
Taiwan 4 <1%
Canada 4 <1%
Other 25 3%
Unknown 710 88%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 179 22%
Researcher 146 18%
Student > Master 120 15%
Student > Bachelor 93 11%
Student > Doctoral Student 62 8%
Other 210 26%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 309 38%
Social Sciences 98 12%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 85 10%
Medicine and Dentistry 65 8%
Arts and Humanities 53 7%
Other 200 25%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1750. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 24 April 2018.
All research outputs
#610
of 9,726,598 outputs
Outputs from Science
#38
of 45,194 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#12
of 146,958 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Science
#5
of 800 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 9,726,598 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 45,194 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 35.8. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 146,958 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 800 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.