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Migration distance as a selective episode for wing morphology in a migratory insect

Overview of attention for article published in Movement Ecology, April 2017
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  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • Among the highest-scoring outputs from this source (#13 of 188)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (94th percentile)

Mentioned by

79 tweeters


13 Dimensions

Readers on

61 Mendeley
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Migration distance as a selective episode for wing morphology in a migratory insect
Published in
Movement Ecology, April 2017
DOI 10.1186/s40462-017-0098-9
Pubmed ID

D. T. Tyler Flockhart, Blair Fitz-gerald, Lincoln P. Brower, Rachael Derbyshire, Sonia Altizer, Keith A. Hobson, Leonard I. Wassenaar, D. Ryan Norris


Selective pressures that occur during long-distance migration can influence morphological traits across a range of taxa. In flying insects, selection should favour individuals that have wing morphologies that increase energy efficiency and survival. In monarch butterflies, differences in wing morphology between migratory and resident populations suggest that migratory populations have undergone selection for larger (as measured by length and area) and more elongated (as measured by roundness and aspect ratio) forewings. However, selection on wing morphology may also occur within migratory populations, particularly if individuals or populations consistently migrate different distances. Using 613 monarch butterflies that were collected on the Mexican wintering grounds between 1976 - 2014, we tested whether monarch wing traits were associated with migratory distance from their natal areas in eastern North America (migration range: 774-4430 km), as inferred by stable-hydrogen (δ(2)H) and -carbon (δ(13)C) isotopic measurements. Monarchs that migrated farther distances to reach their overwintering sites tended to have longer and larger wings, suggesting positive selective pressure during migration on wing length and area. There was no relationship between migration distances and either roundness or aspect ratio. Our results provide correlative evidence that the migratory period may act as a selective episode on monarch butterfly wing morphology, although selection during other portions of the annual cycle, as well as extensive mixing of individuals from various natal locations on the breeding grounds, likely counteracts directional selection of migration on morphology.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 79 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 61 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 61 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 14 23%
Student > Master 11 18%
Student > Ph. D. Student 9 15%
Researcher 6 10%
Student > Doctoral Student 3 5%
Other 7 11%
Unknown 11 18%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 35 57%
Environmental Science 6 10%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 5 8%
Engineering 1 2%
Unknown 14 23%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 46. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 01 June 2017.
All research outputs
of 15,172,706 outputs
Outputs from Movement Ecology
of 188 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 265,953 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Movement Ecology
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 15,172,706 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 97th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 188 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 18.8. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 93% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 265,953 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 94% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them