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Auditory Alterations in Children Infected by Human Immunodeficiency Virus Verified Through Auditory Processing Test

Overview of attention for article published in International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology, March 2016
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Title
Auditory Alterations in Children Infected by Human Immunodeficiency Virus Verified Through Auditory Processing Test
Published in
International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology, March 2016
DOI 10.1055/s-0036-1580614
Pubmed ID
Authors

Ana Romero, Lívia Alfaya, Alina Gonçales, Ana Frizzo, Myriam Isaac

Abstract

Introduction The auditory system of HIV-positive children may have deficits at various levels, such as the high incidence of problems in the middle ear that can cause hearing loss. Objective The objective of this study is to characterize the development of children infected by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in the Simplified Auditory Processing Test (SAPT) and the Staggered Spondaic Word Test. Methods We performed behavioral tests composed of the Simplified Auditory Processing Test and the Portuguese version of the Staggered Spondaic Word Test (SSW). The participants were 15 children infected by HIV, all using antiretroviral medication. Results The children had abnormal auditory processing verified by Simplified Auditory Processing Test and the Portuguese version of SSW. In the Simplified Auditory Processing Test, 60% of the children presented hearing impairment. In the SAPT, the memory test for verbal sounds showed more errors (53.33%); whereas in SSW, 86.67% of the children showed deficiencies indicating deficit in figure-ground, attention, and memory auditory skills. Furthermore, there are more errors in conditions of background noise in both age groups, where most errors were in the left ear in the Group of 8-year-olds, with similar results for the group aged 9 years. Conclusion The high incidence of hearing loss in children with HIV and comorbidity with several biological and environmental factors indicate the need for: 1) familiar and professional awareness of the impact on auditory alteration on the developing and learning of the children with HIV, and 2) access to educational plans and follow-up with multidisciplinary teams as early as possible to minimize the damage caused by auditory deficits.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 39 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 39 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Unspecified 7 18%
Student > Master 4 10%
Student > Bachelor 4 10%
Student > Doctoral Student 4 10%
Researcher 3 8%
Other 9 23%
Unknown 8 21%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Unspecified 7 18%
Nursing and Health Professions 5 13%
Medicine and Dentistry 3 8%
Linguistics 3 8%
Psychology 2 5%
Other 8 21%
Unknown 11 28%