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Oxytocin enhances brain reward system responses in men viewing the face of their female partner

Overview of attention for article published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, November 2013
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (99th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
23 news outlets
blogs
7 blogs
twitter
644 tweeters
facebook
18 Facebook pages
googleplus
1 Google+ user
reddit
2 Redditors

Readers on

mendeley
248 Mendeley
citeulike
3 CiteULike
Title
Oxytocin enhances brain reward system responses in men viewing the face of their female partner
Published in
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, November 2013
DOI 10.1073/pnas.1314190110
Pubmed ID
Authors

Dirk Scheele, Andrea Wille, Keith M. Kendrick, Birgit Stoffel-Wagner, Benjamin Becker, Onur Güntürkün, Wolfgang Maier, René Hurlemann

Abstract

The biological mechanisms underlying long-term partner bonds in humans are unclear. The evolutionarily conserved neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT) is associated with the formation of partner bonds in some species via interactions with brain dopamine reward systems. However, whether it plays a similar role in humans has as yet not been established. Here, we report the results of a discovery and a replication study, each involving a double-blind, placebo-controlled, within-subject, pharmaco-functional MRI experiment with 20 heterosexual pair-bonded male volunteers. In both experiments, intranasal OXT treatment (24 IU) made subjects perceive their female partner's face as more attractive compared with unfamiliar women but had no effect on the attractiveness of other familiar women. This enhanced positive partner bias was paralleled by an increased response to partner stimuli compared with unfamiliar women in brain reward regions including the ventral tegmental area and the nucleus accumbens (NAcc). In the left NAcc, OXT even augmented the neural response to the partner compared with a familiar woman, indicating that this finding is partner-bond specific rather than due to familiarity. Taken together, our results suggest that OXT could contribute to romantic bonds in men by enhancing their partner's attractiveness and reward value compared with other women.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 644 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 248 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 11 4%
Germany 2 <1%
Chile 2 <1%
United Kingdom 2 <1%
Spain 1 <1%
Switzerland 1 <1%
South Africa 1 <1%
China 1 <1%
Japan 1 <1%
Other 3 1%
Unknown 223 90%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 75 30%
Researcher 37 15%
Student > Bachelor 34 14%
Student > Master 25 10%
Professor 21 8%
Other 56 23%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 104 42%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 55 22%
Neuroscience 30 12%
Medicine and Dentistry 19 8%
Unspecified 14 6%
Other 26 10%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 569. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 26 July 2016.
All research outputs
#6,828
of 8,668,084 outputs
Outputs from Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
#243
of 47,667 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#125
of 175,294 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
#7
of 893 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 8,668,084 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 47,667 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 25.1. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 175,294 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 893 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.