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Doping in sports

Overview of attention for book
Cover of 'Doping in sports'

Table of Contents

  1. Altmetric Badge
    Book Overview
  2. Altmetric Badge
    Chapter 1 History of Doping and Doping Control
  3. Altmetric Badge
    Chapter 2 Biochemical and Physiological Aspects of Endogenous Androgens
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    Chapter 3 Phase-II Metabolism of Androgens and Its Relevance for Doping Control Analysis
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    Chapter 4 Detecting the Administration of Endogenous Anabolic Androgenic Steroids
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    Chapter 5 Synthetic Anabolic Agents: Steroids and Nonsteroidal Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators
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    Chapter 6 Nandrolone: A Multi-Faceted Doping Agent
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    Chapter 7 Designer steroids.
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    Chapter 8 Growth hormone.
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    Chapter 9 Mass Spectrometry-Based Analysis of IGF-1 and hGH
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    Chapter 10 Insulin
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    Chapter 11 β-Adrenergic Stimulation
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    Chapter 12 Erythropoietin and Analogs
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    Chapter 13 Doping in Sports
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    Chapter 14 The Athlete’s Biological Passport and Indirect Markers of Blood Doping
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    Chapter 15 Masking and Manipulation
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    Chapter 16 Hormonal growth promoting agents in food producing animals.
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    Chapter 17 Some Aspects of Doping and Medication Control in Equine Sports
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    Chapter 18 Androgenic anabolic steroid abuse and the cardiovascular system.
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    Chapter 19 Side Effects of Anabolic Androgenic Steroids: Pathological Findings and Structure–Activity Relationships
  21. Altmetric Badge
    Chapter 20 Gene Doping
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    Chapter 21 Science and the Rules Governing Anti-Doping Violations
Attention for Chapter 7: Designer steroids.
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  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (66th percentile)

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Chapter title
Designer steroids.
Chapter number 7
Book title
Doping in Sports: Biochemical Principles, Effects and Analysis
Published in
Handbook of experimental pharmacology, September 2009
DOI 10.1007/978-3-540-79088-4_7
Pubmed ID
Book ISBNs
978-3-54-079087-7, 978-3-54-079088-4

Ray Kazlauskas


Detlef Thieme, Peter Hemmersbach


Anabolic steroids have been studied for over 50 years and during that time numerous compounds with a variety of functional groups have been produced and many have been published. Of these only a small number have been introduced to the pharmaceutical market. WADA has continued the work begun by the IOC banning the use of these agents within sport as performance enhancing substances. Athletes, however, continue to use these anabolic steroids but tighter testing and the introduction of unannounced sample collection has made this form of cheating harder.In order to try to evade detection, athletes who continue to dope are having to resort to the use of a far more dangerous form of drug - the designer steroid. These steroids are manufactured to closely resemble existing known compounds, but with sufficient chemical diversity to ensure that their detection by the WADA accredited laboratories is more difficult. A worrying feature of the use of these compounds is that no data is available to evaluate either the efficacy or the safety of these substances. Many such drugs are now being made in clandestine ways (as demonstrated by the recent BALCO case) and then passed on to athletes who become the guinea pigs determining the potential of the substances as doping agents.Methods for the detection of these new compounds are being developed using emerging techniques such as gas chromatography or liquid chromatography attached to a variety of mass spectrometry instruments. This technology as well as vigilance by laboratories and enforcement agencies can all help in early detection of designer steroids being used for doping.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 18 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 2 11%
Portugal 1 6%
Canada 1 6%
Switzerland 1 6%
Unknown 13 72%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 6 33%
Student > Master 4 22%
Researcher 3 17%
Student > Postgraduate 2 11%
Student > Bachelor 1 6%
Other 2 11%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Chemistry 5 28%
Medicine and Dentistry 5 28%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 17%
Social Sciences 2 11%
Computer Science 1 6%
Other 2 11%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 3. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 19 August 2016.
All research outputs
of 8,247,986 outputs
Outputs from Handbook of experimental pharmacology
of 335 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 240,677 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Handbook of experimental pharmacology
of 56 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 8,247,986 research outputs across all sources so far. This one has received more attention than most of these and is in the 60th percentile.
So far Altmetric has tracked 335 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 5.0. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 56% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 240,677 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 68% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 56 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 66% of its contemporaries.