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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: the impact of methylphenidate on working memory, inhibition capacity and mental flexibility

Overview of attention for article published in Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, April 2017
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1 tweeter

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6 Dimensions

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73 Mendeley
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Title
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: the impact of methylphenidate on working memory, inhibition capacity and mental flexibility
Published in
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, April 2017
DOI 10.1590/0004-282x20170030
Pubmed ID
Authors

Cristiana Bolfer, Sandra Pasquali Pacheco, Miriam Harumi Tsunemi, Walter Souza Carreira, Beatriz Borba Casella, Erasmo Barbante Casella

Abstract

To compare children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), before and after the use of methylphenidate, and a control group, using tests of working memory, inhibition capacity and mental flexibility. Neuropsychological tests were administrated to 53 boys, 9-12 years old: the WISC-III digit span backward, and arithmetic; Stroop Color; and Trail Making Tests. The case group included 23 boys with ADHD, who were combined type, treatment-naive, and with normal intelligence without comorbidities. The control group (n = 30) were age and gender matched. After three months on methylphenidate, the ADHD children were retested. The control group was also retested after three months. Before treatment, ADHD children had lower scores than the control group on the tests (p ≤ 0.001) and after methylphenidate had fewer test errors than before (p ≤ 0.001). Methylphenidate treatment improves the working memory, inhibitory control and mental flexibility of ADHD boys.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 73 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 73 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 15 21%
Student > Ph. D. Student 11 15%
Student > Master 10 14%
Professor 5 7%
Researcher 4 5%
Other 9 12%
Unknown 19 26%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 20 27%
Neuroscience 7 10%
Medicine and Dentistry 5 7%
Sports and Recreations 3 4%
Computer Science 2 3%
Other 14 19%
Unknown 22 30%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 02 May 2017.
All research outputs
#7,867,989
of 12,539,922 outputs
Outputs from Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
#310
of 526 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#147,110
of 259,240 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria
#9
of 18 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,539,922 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 23rd percentile – i.e., 23% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 526 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 2.5. This one is in the 47th percentile – i.e., 47% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 259,240 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 33rd percentile – i.e., 33% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 18 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 50% of its contemporaries.