What Should Physicians Do When They Disagree, Clinically and Ethically, with a Surrogate's Wishes?
AMA Journal of Ethics, June 2017
When patients' surrogates and physicians disagree about the appropriateness of aggressive treatment in intensive care units (ICUs), physicians can experience surrogates' demands as sources of moral distress. This article addresses the virtues and communication strategies needed to respond appropriately in such situations. Specifically, we offer a framework and language that rely on moral community to facilitate common ground and alleviate moral distress.
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