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Kinship care for the safety, permanency, and well‐being of children removed from the home for maltreatment

Overview of attention for article published in Cochrane database of systematic reviews, January 2014
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  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (96th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (85th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
1 news outlet
policy
2 policy sources
twitter
29 tweeters
facebook
3 Facebook pages

Readers on

mendeley
209 Mendeley
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Title
Kinship care for the safety, permanency, and well‐being of children removed from the home for maltreatment
Published in
Cochrane database of systematic reviews, January 2014
DOI 10.1002/14651858.cd006546.pub3
Pubmed ID
Authors

Winokur M, Holtan A, Batchelder KE, Winokur, Marc, Holtan, Amy, Batchelder, Keri E

Abstract

Background: Every year a large number of children around the world are removed from their homes because they are maltreated. Child welfare agencies are responsible for placing these children in out-of-home settings that will facilitate their safety, permanency, and well-being.However, children in out-of-home placements typically display more educational, behavioural, and psychological problems than do their peers, although it is unclear whether this results from the placement itself, the maltreatment that precipitated it, or inadequacies in the child welfare system.Objectives: To evaluate the effect of kinship care placement compared to foster care placement on the safety, permanency, and well-being of children removed from the home for maltreatment.Search methods: We searched the following databases for this updated review on 14 March 2011: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials(CENTRAL),MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Sociological Abstracts, Social Science Citation Index, ERIC, Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science and Humanities, ASSIA, and Dissertation Express. We handsearched relevant social work journals and reference lists of published literature reviews, and contacted authors.Selection criteria: Controlled experimental and quasi-experimental studies, in which children removed from the home for maltreatment and subsequently placed in kinship foster care were compared with children placed in non-kinship foster care for child welfare outcomes in the domains of well-being, permanency, or safety.Data collection and analysis: Two review authors independently read the titles and abstracts identified in the searches, and selected appropriate studies. Two review authors assessed the eligibility of each study for the evidence base and then evaluated the methodological quality of the included studies.Lastly, we extracted outcome data and entered them into Review Manager 5 software (RevMan) for meta-analysis with the results presented in written and graphical forms.Main results: One-hundred-and-two quasi-experimental studies,with 666,615 children are included in this review.The 'Risk of bias' analysis indicates that the evidence base contains studies with unclear risk for selection bias, performance bias, detection bias, reporting bias, and attritionbias, with the highest risk associated with selection bias and the lowest associated with reporting bias. The outcome data suggest that children in kinship foster care experience fewer behavioural problems (standardised mean difference effect size -0.33, 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.49 to -0.17), fewer mental health disorders (odds ratio (OR) 0.51, 95% CI 0.42 to 0.62), better well-being (OR 0.50,95% CI 0.38 to 0.64), and less placement disruption (OR 0.52, 95% CI 0.40 to 0.69) than do children in non-kinship foster care. For permanency, there was no difference on re unification rates, although children in non-kinship foster care were more likely to be adopted(OR 2.52, 95% CI 1.42 to 4.49), while children in kinship foster care were more likely to be in guardianship (OR 0.26, 95% CI 0.17 to 0.40). Lastly, children in non-kinship foster care were more likely to utilise mental health services (OR 1.79, 95% CI 1.35 to 2.37).Authors' conclusions: This review supports the practice of treating kinship care as a viable out-of-home placement option for children removed from the home for maltreatment. However, this conclusion is tempered by the pronounced methodological and design weaknesses of the included studies.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 29 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 209 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 2 <1%
Germany 1 <1%
Portugal 1 <1%
South Africa 1 <1%
United Kingdom 1 <1%
Finland 1 <1%
Sweden 1 <1%
Unknown 201 96%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 47 22%
Student > Ph. D. Student 38 18%
Researcher 37 18%
Student > Bachelor 19 9%
Student > Doctoral Student 18 9%
Other 50 24%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Social Sciences 87 42%
Psychology 39 19%
Medicine and Dentistry 39 19%
Unspecified 19 9%
Nursing and Health Professions 10 5%
Other 15 7%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 38. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 20 March 2017.
All research outputs
#320,469
of 11,347,051 outputs
Outputs from Cochrane database of systematic reviews
#1,112
of 9,069 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#7,469
of 207,059 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Cochrane database of systematic reviews
#26
of 181 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 11,347,051 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 97th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 9,069 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 20.2. This one has done well, scoring higher than 87% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 207,059 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 96% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 181 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done well, scoring higher than 85% of its contemporaries.