The heritability of eating disorders: methods and current findings.
Behavioral Neurobiology of Eating Disorders
Current topics in behavioral neurosciences, January 2011
Thornton LM, Mazzeo SE, Bulik CM, Laura M. Thornton, Suzanne E. Mazzeo, Cynthia M. Bulik
Roger A.H. Adan, Walter H. Kaye
Family, twin, and adoption studies of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge-eating disorder (BED), and the proposed purging disorder presentation (PD) have consistently demonstrated that genetic factors contribute to the variance in liability to eating disorders. In addition, endophenotypes and component phenotypes of eating disorders have been evaluated and provide further insight regarding genetic factors influencing eating disorders and eating disorder diagnostic criteria. Many of these phenotypes have demonstrated substantial heritability. This chapter reviews biometrical genetic methods and current findings from family and twin studies that investigate the role of genes and environment in the etiology of eating disorders. We review the methodology used to estimate heritability, the results of these studies, and discuss the implications of this research for the basic conceptualization of eating disorders and the future value of twin modeling in the molecular genetic era.
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