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Mycotoxigenic Fungi

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Cover of 'Mycotoxigenic Fungi'

Table of Contents

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    Book Overview
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    Chapter 1 Mycotoxins: An Underhand Food Problem
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    Chapter 2 Alternaria Species and Their Associated Mycotoxins
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    Chapter 3 Aspergillus Species and Their Associated Mycotoxins
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    Chapter 4 Fusarium Species and Their Associated Mycotoxins
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    Chapter 5 Penicillium Species and Their Associated Mycotoxins
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    Chapter 6 Targeting Conserved Genes in Alternaria Species
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    Chapter 7 Targeting Conserved Genes in Aspergillus Species
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    Chapter 8 Targeting Conserved Genes in Fusarium Species
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    Chapter 9 Targeting Conserved Genes in Penicillium Species
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    Chapter 10 Targeting Aflatoxin Biosynthetic Genes
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    Chapter 11 Targeting Trichothecene Biosynthetic Genes
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    Chapter 12 Targeting Ochratoxin Biosynthetic Genes
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    Chapter 13 Targeting Fumonisin Biosynthetic Genes
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    Chapter 14 Targeting Other Mycotoxin Biosynthetic Genes
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    Chapter 15 Evaluating Aflatoxin Gene Expression in Aspergillus Section Flavi
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    Chapter 16 Evaluating Fumonisin Gene Expression in Fusarium verticillioides
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    Chapter 17 Multiplex Detection of Aspergillus Species
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    Chapter 18 Multiplex Detection of Fusarium Species
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    Chapter 19 Multiplex Detection of Toxigenic Penicillium Species
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    Chapter 20 PCR-RFLP for Aspergillus Species
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    Chapter 21 PCR ITS-RFLP for Penicillium Species and Other Genera
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    Chapter 22 Identification of Ochratoxin A-Producing Black Aspergilli from Grapes Using Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Assays
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    Chapter 23 Detection of Transcriptionally Active Mycotoxin Gene Clusters: DNA Microarray
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    Chapter 24 Mycotoxins: A Fungal Genomics Perspective
Attention for Chapter 1: Mycotoxins: An Underhand Food Problem
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Chapter title
Mycotoxins: An Underhand Food Problem
Chapter number 1
Book title
Mycotoxigenic Fungi
Published in
Methods in molecular biology, January 2017
DOI 10.1007/978-1-4939-6707-0_1
Pubmed ID
Book ISBNs
978-1-4939-6705-6, 978-1-4939-6707-0
Authors

Antonio Moretti, Antonio F. Logrieco, Antonia Susca

Abstract

Among the food safety issues, the occurrence of fungal species able to produce toxic metabolites on the agro-food products has acquired a general attention. These compounds, the mycotoxins, generally provided of low molecular weight, are the result of the secondary metabolism of the toxigenic fungi. They may have toxic activity toward the plants, but mostly represent a serious risk for human and animal health worldwide, since they can be accumulated on many final crop products and they have a broad range of toxic biological activities. In particular, mainly cereals are the most sensitive crops to the colonization of toxigenic fungal species which accumulate in the grains the related mycotoxins both in the field, until the harvest stage, and in the storage. According to a Food and Agriculture Organization study, approximately 25 % of the global food and feed output is contaminated by mycotoxins. Therefore, since a large proportion of the world's population consumes, as a staple food, the cereals, the consumption of mycotoxin-contaminated cereals is a main issue for health risk worldwide. Furthermore, mycotoxin contamination can have a huge economic and social impact, especially when mycotoxin occurrence on the food commodities is over the regulation limits established by different national and transnational institutions, implying that contaminated products must be discarded. Finally, the climate change due to the global warming can alter stages and rates of toxigenic fungi development and modify host-resistance and host-pathogen interactions, influencing deeply also the conditions for mycotoxin production that vary for each individual pathogen. New combinations of mycotoxins/host plants/geographical areas are arising to the attention of the scientific community and require new diagnostic tools and deeper knowledge of both biology and genetics of toxigenic fungi. Moreover, to spread awareness and knowledge at international level on both the hazard that mycotoxins represent for consumers and costs for stakeholders is of key importance for developing all possible measures aimed to control such dangerous contaminants worldwide.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 49 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 49 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 8 16%
Researcher 7 14%
Student > Ph. D. Student 7 14%
Lecturer 3 6%
Student > Doctoral Student 3 6%
Other 8 16%
Unknown 13 27%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 10 20%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 8 16%
Chemistry 3 6%
Medicine and Dentistry 2 4%
Unspecified 2 4%
Other 10 20%
Unknown 14 29%