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Mycotoxigenic Fungi

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Cover of 'Mycotoxigenic Fungi'

Table of Contents

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    Book Overview
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    Chapter 1 Mycotoxins: An Underhand Food Problem
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    Chapter 2 Alternaria Species and Their Associated Mycotoxins
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    Chapter 3 Aspergillus Species and Their Associated Mycotoxins
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    Chapter 4 Fusarium Species and Their Associated Mycotoxins
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    Chapter 5 Penicillium Species and Their Associated Mycotoxins
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    Chapter 6 Targeting Conserved Genes in Alternaria Species
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    Chapter 7 Targeting Conserved Genes in Aspergillus Species
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    Chapter 8 Targeting Conserved Genes in Fusarium Species
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    Chapter 9 Targeting Conserved Genes in Penicillium Species
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    Chapter 10 Targeting Aflatoxin Biosynthetic Genes
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    Chapter 11 Targeting Trichothecene Biosynthetic Genes
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    Chapter 12 Targeting Ochratoxin Biosynthetic Genes
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    Chapter 13 Targeting Fumonisin Biosynthetic Genes
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    Chapter 14 Targeting Other Mycotoxin Biosynthetic Genes
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    Chapter 15 Evaluating Aflatoxin Gene Expression in Aspergillus Section Flavi
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    Chapter 16 Evaluating Fumonisin Gene Expression in Fusarium verticillioides
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    Chapter 17 Multiplex Detection of Aspergillus Species
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    Chapter 18 Multiplex Detection of Fusarium Species
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    Chapter 19 Multiplex Detection of Toxigenic Penicillium Species
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    Chapter 20 PCR-RFLP for Aspergillus Species
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    Chapter 21 PCR ITS-RFLP for Penicillium Species and Other Genera
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    Chapter 22 Identification of Ochratoxin A-Producing Black Aspergilli from Grapes Using Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Assays
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    Chapter 23 Detection of Transcriptionally Active Mycotoxin Gene Clusters: DNA Microarray
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    Chapter 24 Mycotoxins: A Fungal Genomics Perspective
Attention for Chapter 3: Aspergillus Species and Their Associated Mycotoxins
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Chapter title
Aspergillus Species and Their Associated Mycotoxins
Chapter number 3
Book title
Mycotoxigenic Fungi
Published in
Methods in molecular biology, January 2017
DOI 10.1007/978-1-4939-6707-0_3
Pubmed ID
Book ISBNs
978-1-4939-6705-6, 978-1-4939-6707-0
Authors

Giancarlo Perrone, Antonia Gallo

Abstract

The genus Aspergillus is among the most abundant and widely distributed organism on earth, and at the moment comprises 339 known species. It is one of the most important economically fungal genus and the biotechnological use of Aspergillus species is related to production of soy sauce, of different hydrolytic enzymes (amylases, lipases) and organic acid (citric acid, gluconic acid), as well as biologically active metabolites such as lovastatin. Although they are not considered to be major cause of plant diseases, Aspergillus species are responsible for several disorders in various plants and plant products, especially as opportunistic storage moulds. The notable consequence of their presence is contamination of foods and feeds by mycotoxins, among which the most important are aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, and, at a less extent, fumonisins. Aflatoxins B1, B2, G1, G2 are the most toxic and carcinogenic mycotoxins, due to their extreme hepatocarcinogenicity; ochratoxin A is a potent nephrotoxin, it is also carcinogenic, teratogenic, and immunotoxic in rats and possibly in humans; fumonisins are hepatotoxic and nephrotoxic with potential carcinogenic effects on rat and mice. In this chapter we summarize the main aspects of morphology, ecology, epidemiology, and toxigenicity of Aspergillus foodborne pathogens which belong to sections Flavi, Circumdati, and Nigri, occurring in several agricultural products and responsible of aflatoxin, ochratoxin A, and fumonisins contamination of food and feed.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 26 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 26 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 6 23%
Researcher 4 15%
Student > Master 4 15%
Student > Bachelor 2 8%
Student > Doctoral Student 1 4%
Other 2 8%
Unknown 7 27%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 7 27%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 5 19%
Chemistry 2 8%
Medicine and Dentistry 2 8%
Computer Science 1 4%
Other 3 12%
Unknown 6 23%