Mood disorder, anxiety, and suicide risk among subjects with alcohol abuse and/or dependence: a population-based study
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, June 2017
Wiener, Carolina D., Moreira, Fernanda P., Zago, Alethea, Souza, Luciano M., Branco, Jeronimo C., Oliveira, Jacqueline F. de, Silva, Ricardo A. da, Portela, Luis V., Lara, Diogo R., Jansen, Karen, Oses, Jean P., Wiener, Carolina D., Moreira, Fernanda P., Zago, Alethea, Souza, Luciano M., Branco, Jeronimo C., Oliveira, Jacqueline F. de, Silva, Ricardo A. da, Portela, Luis V., Lara, Diogo R., Jansen, Karen, Oses, Jean P.
To evaluate the prevalence of alcohol abuse and/or dependence in a population-based sample of young adults and assess the prevalence of comorbid mood disorders, anxiety, and suicide risk in this population. This cross-sectional, population-based study enrolled 1,953 young adults aged 18-35 years. The CAGE questionnaire was used to screen for alcohol abuse and/or dependence, with CAGE scores ≥ 2 considered positive. Psychiatric disorders were investigated through the structured Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Alcohol abuse and/or dependence was identified in 187 (9.60%) individuals (5.10% among women and 15.20% among men). Alcohol abuse and/or dependence were more prevalent among men than women, as well as among those who used tobacco, illicit drugs or presented with anxiety disorder, mood disorder, and suicide risk. These findings suggest that alcohol abuse and/or dependence are consistently associated with a higher prevalence of psychiatric comorbidities, could be considered important predictors of other psychiatric disorders, and deserve greater public heath attention, pointing to the need for alcohol abuse prevention programs.
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