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A carga dos transtornos mentais e decorrentes do uso de substâncias psicoativas no Brasil: Estudo de Carga Global de Doença, 1990 e 2015

Overview of attention for article published in Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, May 2017
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Title
A carga dos transtornos mentais e decorrentes do uso de substâncias psicoativas no Brasil: Estudo de Carga Global de Doença, 1990 e 2015
Published in
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, May 2017
DOI 10.1590/1980-5497201700050016
Pubmed ID
Authors

Cecília Silva Costa Bonadiman, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi, Ana Paula Souto Melo

Abstract

Mental and substance use disorders (MD) are highly prevalent and have a high social and economic cost. To describe the burden of disease attributable to mental and substance use disorders in Brazil and Federated Units in 1990 and 2015. Descriptive study of the burden of mental and substance use disorders, using age-standardized estimates from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015: years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLL); years lived with disability (YLD); and disability-adjusted life year (DALY=YLL+YLD). In Brazil, despite low mortality rates, there has been a high burden for mental and substance use disorders since 1990, with high YLD. In 2015, these disorders accounted for 9.5% of all DALY, ranking in the third and first position in DALY and YLD, respectively, with an emphasis on depressive and anxiety disorders. Drug use disorders had their highest increase in DALY rates between 1990 and 2015 (37.1%). The highest proportion of DALY occurred in adulthood and in females. There were no substantial differences in burden of mental and substance use disorders among Federated Units. Despite a low mortality rate, mental and substance use disorders are highly disabling, which indicates the need for preventive and protective actions, especially in primary health care. The generalization of estimates in all the Federated Units obtained from studies conducted mostly in the south and southeast regions probably does not reflect the reality of Brazil, indicating the need for studies in all regions of the country.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 103 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 103 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 22 21%
Student > Bachelor 14 14%
Student > Doctoral Student 10 10%
Student > Postgraduate 9 9%
Student > Ph. D. Student 9 9%
Other 13 13%
Unknown 26 25%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 19 18%
Nursing and Health Professions 15 15%
Psychology 13 13%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 5 5%
Economics, Econometrics and Finance 3 3%
Other 11 11%
Unknown 37 36%