Microfluidic Approach to Cell Microencapsulation
Methods in molecular biology, January 2017
Varna Sharma, Michael Hunckler, Melur K. Ramasubramanian, Emmanuel C. Opara, Kalyan C. Katuri Ph.D., Kalyan C. Katuri
Emmanuel C. Opara
Bioartificial pancreas made of insulin-secreting islets cells holds great promise in the treatment of individuals with Type-1 diabetes. Successful islet cell microencapsulation in biopolymers is a key step for providing immunoisolation of transplanted islet cells. Because of the variability in the size and shape of pancreatic islets, one of the main obstacles in their microencapsulation is the inability to consistently control shape, size, and microstructure of the encapsulating biopolymer capsule. In this chapter, we provide a detailed description of a microfluidic approach to islet cell encapsulation in alginate that might address the microencapsulation challenges.
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