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Perceptions of the critical cultural competence of registered nurses in Canada

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Nursing, August 2017
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Title
Perceptions of the critical cultural competence of registered nurses in Canada
Published in
BMC Nursing, August 2017
DOI 10.1186/s12912-017-0242-2
Pubmed ID
Authors

Adel F. Almutairi, Abdallah A. Adlan, Maliha Nasim

Abstract

Cultural diversity often leads to misunderstandings, clashes, conflicts, ethnocentrism, discrimination, and stereotyping due to the frequent intersection of many variables, such as differences in traditions, behaviours, ethical and moral perspectives, conceptions of health and illness, and language barriers. The root of the issue is related to the way people conceptualise differences and the unique cultural and historical circumstances that have shaped different groups' heritages. In this study, therefore, we aimed to investigate the perceptions of critical cultural competence (CCC) of registered nurses working in various hospitals across the province of British Columbia, Canada. Data were collected using Almutairi's Critical Cultural Competence Scale (CCC Scale) with a random sample of 170 registered nurses. This scale measures four essential multidimensional components of the CCC model: critical awareness, critical knowledge, critical skills, and critical empowerment. Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Kruskal-Wallis test). The data revealed that participants' perceptions of CCC were positive with a mean score of 5.22 out of 7.00 for the total number of items (n = 43) and a standard deviation of 0.54. The mean scores for the CCC subscales ranged from 4.76 (for critical skills) to 5.42 (for critical empowerment). The results indicated a statistical difference in CCC perceptions based on participants' age and country of birth with p = 0.05 < 0.05 and 0.029 < 0.05, respectively. Nurses' age (experience) and country of birth may influence their perceptions of CCC as gaining cultural competence requires exposure to caring for patients from various cultures and countries, and is associated with cultural knowledge and awareness. Therefore, this finding reveals that healthcare organizations must provide ongoing cultural education programs to increase their nursing staff's level of cultural competence so they are better able to deal with the difficulties that might arise during cross-cultural interactions.

Twitter Demographics

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 88 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 88 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 21 24%
Student > Bachelor 15 17%
Student > Ph. D. Student 9 10%
Student > Doctoral Student 7 8%
Researcher 6 7%
Other 19 22%
Unknown 11 13%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Nursing and Health Professions 47 53%
Medicine and Dentistry 9 10%
Social Sciences 5 6%
Philosophy 3 3%
Business, Management and Accounting 3 3%
Other 8 9%
Unknown 13 15%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 20 September 2017.
All research outputs
#6,758,564
of 11,799,674 outputs
Outputs from BMC Nursing
#190
of 324 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#117,040
of 240,601 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Nursing
#13
of 20 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 11,799,674 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 40th percentile – i.e., 40% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 324 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 4.8. This one is in the 37th percentile – i.e., 37% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 240,601 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 47th percentile – i.e., 47% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 20 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 25th percentile – i.e., 25% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.