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Medicines discarded in household garbage: analysis of a pharmaceutical waste sample in Vienna

Overview of attention for article published in Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice, June 2014
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  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (62nd percentile)

Mentioned by

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3 tweeters
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1 Facebook page

Citations

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13 Dimensions

Readers on

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48 Mendeley
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Title
Medicines discarded in household garbage: analysis of a pharmaceutical waste sample in Vienna
Published in
Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice, June 2014
DOI 10.1186/2052-3211-7-6
Pubmed ID
Authors

Sabine Vogler, Christine Leopold, Christel Zuidberg, Claudia Habl

Abstract

To analyze a sample of pharmaceutical waste drawn from household garbage in Vienna, with the aim to learn whether and which medicines end up unused in normal household waste. We obtained a pharmaceutical waste sample from the Vienna Municipal Waste Department. This was drawn by their staff in a representative search in October and November 2009. We did a manual investigation of the sample which contained packs and loose blisters, excluded medical devices and traced loose blisters back to medicines packs. We reported information on the prescription status, origin, therapeutic group, dose form, contents and expiry date. We performed descriptive statistics for the total data set and for sub-groups (e.g. items still containing some of original content). In total, 152 packs were identified, of which the majority was prescription-only medicines (74%). Cardiovascular medicines accounted for the highest share (24%). 87% of the packs were in oral form. 95% of the packs had not expired. 14.5% of the total data set contained contents but the range of content left in the packs varied. Results on the packs with contents differed from the total: the shares of Over-the Counter medicines (36%), of medicines of the respiratory system (18%) and of the musculo-skeletal system (18%), for dermal use (23%) and of expired medicines (19%) were higher compared to the full data set. The study showed that some medicines end up unused or partially used in normal household garbage in Vienna. Our results did not confirm speculations about a high percentage of unused medicines improperly discarded. There is room for improved patient information and counseling to enhance medication adherence and a proper discharge of medicines.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 3 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 48 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 48 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 13 27%
Student > Ph. D. Student 11 23%
Researcher 5 10%
Student > Bachelor 5 10%
Lecturer 3 6%
Other 4 8%
Unknown 7 15%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 11 23%
Medicine and Dentistry 7 15%
Environmental Science 5 10%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 5 10%
Social Sciences 3 6%
Other 10 21%
Unknown 7 15%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 13 June 2014.
All research outputs
#1,927,573
of 4,655,155 outputs
Outputs from Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
#34
of 68 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#38,807
of 110,202 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
#5
of 6 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 4,655,155 research outputs across all sources so far. This one has received more attention than most of these and is in the 56th percentile.
So far Altmetric has tracked 68 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 4.2. This one is in the 47th percentile – i.e., 47% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 110,202 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 62% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 6 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one.