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Individual-level personality influences social foraging and collective behaviour in wild birds

Overview of attention for article published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, August 2014
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (94th percentile)
  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (69th percentile)

Mentioned by

blogs
1 blog
twitter
34 tweeters

Citations

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151 Dimensions

Readers on

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444 Mendeley
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Title
Individual-level personality influences social foraging and collective behaviour in wild birds
Published in
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, August 2014
DOI 10.1098/rspb.2014.1016
Pubmed ID
Authors

Lucy M. Aplin, Damien R. Farine, Richard P. Mann, Ben C. Sheldon

Abstract

There is increasing evidence that animal groups can maintain coordinated behaviour and make collective decisions based on simple interaction rules. Effective collective action may be further facilitated by individual variation within groups, particularly through leader-follower polymorphisms. Recent studies have suggested that individual-level personality traits influence the degree to which individuals use social information, are attracted to conspecifics, or act as leaders/followers. However, evidence is equivocal and largely limited to laboratory studies. We use an automated data-collection system to conduct an experiment testing the relationship between personality and collective decision-making in the wild. First, we report that foraging flocks of great tits (Parus major) show strikingly synchronous behaviour. A predictive model of collective decision-making replicates patterns well, suggesting simple interaction rules are sufficient to explain the observed social behaviour. Second, within groups, individuals with more reactive personalities behave more collectively, moving to within-flock areas of higher density. By contrast, proactive individuals tend to move to and feed at spatial periphery of flocks. Finally, comparing alternative simulations of flocking with empirical data, we demonstrate that variation in personality promotes within-patch movement while maintaining group cohesion. Our results illustrate the importance of incorporating individual variability in models of social behaviour.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 34 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 444 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 4 <1%
United Kingdom 3 <1%
South Africa 2 <1%
Germany 1 <1%
Czechia 1 <1%
Israel 1 <1%
Singapore 1 <1%
China 1 <1%
Spain 1 <1%
Other 2 <1%
Unknown 427 96%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 116 26%
Student > Master 77 17%
Student > Bachelor 70 16%
Researcher 65 15%
Student > Doctoral Student 21 5%
Other 48 11%
Unknown 47 11%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 264 59%
Environmental Science 37 8%
Psychology 20 5%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 10 2%
Engineering 7 2%
Other 31 7%
Unknown 75 17%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 26. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 08 February 2021.
All research outputs
#926,752
of 17,673,294 outputs
Outputs from Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
#2,499
of 8,787 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#11,354
of 195,346 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
#53
of 173 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 17,673,294 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 94th percentile: it's in the top 10% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 8,787 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 35.4. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 71% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 195,346 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 94% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 173 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 69% of its contemporaries.