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Late (> 7 days) systemic postnatal corticosteroids for prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants

Overview of attention for article published in Cochrane database of systematic reviews, October 2017
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  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (91st percentile)
  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (73rd percentile)

Mentioned by

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36 tweeters
facebook
1 Facebook page
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1 Wikipedia page

Citations

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63 Dimensions

Readers on

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169 Mendeley
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Title
Late (> 7 days) systemic postnatal corticosteroids for prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants
Published in
Cochrane database of systematic reviews, October 2017
DOI 10.1002/14651858.cd001145.pub4
Pubmed ID
Authors

Lex W Doyle, Jeanie L Cheong, Richard A Ehrenkranz, Henry L Halliday

Abstract

Many preterm infants who survive go on to develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia, probably as the result of persistent inflammation in the lungs. Corticosteroids have powerful anti-inflammatory effects and have been used to treat individuals with established bronchopulmonary dysplasia. However, it is unclear whether any beneficial effects outweigh the adverse effects of these drugs. To examine the relative benefits and adverse effects of late systemic postnatal corticosteroid treatment (> 7 days) for preterm infants with evolving or established bronchopulmonary dysplasia. For the 2017 update, we used the standard search strategy of Cochrane Neonatal to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2017, Issue 1); MEDLINE via PubMed (January 2013 to 21 February 2017); Embase (January 2013 to 21 February 2017); and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL; January 2013 to 21 February 2017). We also searched clinical trials databases, conference proceedings, and reference lists of retrieved articles for randomised controlled trials and quasi-randomised trials. We selected for inclusion in this review randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing systemic postnatal corticosteroid treatment versus placebo or nothing initiated more than seven days after birth for preterm infants with evolving or established bronchopulmonary dysplasia. We used the GRADE approach to assess the quality of evidence.We extracted and analysed data regarding clinical outcomes including mortality, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, death or bronchopulmonary dysplasia, failure to extubate, complications during primary hospitalisation, and long-term health outcomes. Twenty-one RCTs enrolling a total of 1424 participants were eligible for this review. All were RCTs, but methods used for random allocation were not always clear. Allocation concealment, blinding of the intervention, and blinding of outcome assessments most often were satisfactory. Late steroid treatment was associated with a reduction in neonatal mortality (at 28 days) but no reduction in mortality at 36 weeks, at discharge, or at latest reported age. Benefits of delayed steroid treatment included reductions in failure to extubate by 3, 7, or 28 days; bronchopulmonary dysplasia both at 28 days of life and at 36 weeks' postmenstrual age; need for late rescue treatment with dexamethasone; discharge on home oxygen; and death or bronchopulmonary dysplasia both at 28 days of life and at 36 weeks' postmenstrual age. Data revealed a trend towards increased risk of infection and gastrointestinal bleeding but no increase in risk of necrotising enterocolitis. Short-term adverse affects included hyperglycaemia, glycosuria, and hypertension. Investigators reported an increase in severe retinopathy of prematurity but no significant increase in blindness. Trial results showed a trend towards reduction in severe intraventricular haemorrhage, but only five studies enrolling 247 infants reported this outcome. Trends towards an increase in cerebral palsy or abnormal neurological examination findings were partly offset by a trend in the opposite direction involving death before late follow-up. The combined rate of death or cerebral palsy was not significantly different between steroid and control groups. Major neurosensory disability and the combined rate of death or major neurosensory disability were not significantly different between steroid and control groups. There were no substantial differences between groups for other outcomes in later childhood, including respiratory health or function, blood pressure, or growth, although there were fewer participants with a clinically important reduction in forced expired volume in one second (FEV1) on respiratory function testing in the dexamethasone group.GRADE findings were high for all major outcomes considered, but review authors degraded the quality of evidence by one level because we found evidence of publication bias (bronchopulmonary dysplasia at 36 weeks). Benefits of late corticosteroid therapy may not outweigh actual or potential adverse effects. This review of postnatal systemic corticosteroid treatment for bronchopulmonary dysplasia initiated after seven days of age suggests that late therapy may reduce neonatal mortality without significantly increasing the risk of adverse long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes. However, the methodological quality of studies determining long-term outcomes is limited in some cases (some studies assessed surviving children only before school age, when some important neurological outcomes cannot be determined with certainty), and no studies were sufficiently powered to detect increased rates of important adverse long-term neurosensory outcomes. Evidence showing both benefits and harms of treatment and limitations of available evidence suggests that it may be prudent to reserve the use of late corticosteroids for infants who cannot be weaned from mechanical ventilation, and to minimise both dose and duration for any course of treatment.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 36 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 169 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 169 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 32 19%
Researcher 22 13%
Student > Bachelor 20 12%
Student > Ph. D. Student 13 8%
Other 13 8%
Other 24 14%
Unknown 45 27%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 74 44%
Nursing and Health Professions 19 11%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 9 5%
Social Sciences 6 4%
Psychology 3 2%
Other 7 4%
Unknown 51 30%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 26. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 12 November 2018.
All research outputs
#731,289
of 14,584,463 outputs
Outputs from Cochrane database of systematic reviews
#2,161
of 11,019 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#27,408
of 317,806 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Cochrane database of systematic reviews
#68
of 257 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 14,584,463 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 94th percentile: it's in the top 10% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 11,019 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 22.3. This one has done well, scoring higher than 80% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 317,806 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 91% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 257 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 73% of its contemporaries.