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Teste de HIV solicitado e espontâneo: um estudo de base populacional com mulheres de uma cidade do Sul do Brasil

Overview of attention for article published in Cadernos de Saúde Pública, October 2017
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Title
Teste de HIV solicitado e espontâneo: um estudo de base populacional com mulheres de uma cidade do Sul do Brasil
Published in
Cadernos de Saúde Pública, October 2017
DOI 10.1590/0102-311x00074415
Pubmed ID
Authors

Marilia Arndt Mesenburg, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Mariângela Freitas da Silveira

Abstract

This was a cross-sectional population-based study that aimed to describe the prevalence of HIV testing and associated factors in women in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. A total of 1,222 women were interviewed. We estimated the overall testing prevalence (yes/no) and prevalence disaggregated by testing ordered by a health professional versus voluntary testing. Test prevalence was 66.1% (95%CI: 63.4-68.8): 52.4% for testing ordered by a health professional (95%CI: 49.6-55.2) and 13.6% for spontaneous testing (95%CI: 11.6-15.5). The principal reason for testing was prenatal screening (52%). Age, age at sexual initiation, and having children were associated statistically with both voluntary and health professional-initiated testing. Sexual risk score, conjugal status, and condom use were only associated statistically with testing ordered by a health professional, while history of anal sex was only associated with spontaneous testing. The results indicate that HIV testing is closely related to prenatal care and that risk perception by the attending health professional appears to be more accurate than the patient's own perception.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 15 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 15 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Professor 3 20%
Student > Master 3 20%
Student > Bachelor 3 20%
Student > Postgraduate 2 13%
Unknown 4 27%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 7 47%
Nursing and Health Professions 3 20%
Social Sciences 1 7%
Unknown 4 27%