Saúde e povos indígenas no Brasil: reflexões a partir do I Inquérito Nacional de Saúde e Nutrição Indígena
Cadernos de Saúde Pública, April 2014
E. A. Coimbra Carlos Jr.
The current configuration of indigenous peoples' health in Brazil results from a complex historical trajectory, responsible for major delays for this population segment in the countrywide social advances seen in recent decades, particularly in the fields of health, education, housing, and sanitation. The main focus of this contribution is to review synthetically a selection of the main results of the First National Survey of Indigenous People's Health and Nutrition, conducted in the period 2008-2009, which visited 113 villages across the Brazil and interviewed 6,692 women and 6,128 children. Among the results, emphasis is given to the observed poor sanitation conditions in villages, high prevalence of chronic malnutrition, anemia, diarrhea, and acute respiratory infections in children, and the emergence of non-communicable chronic diseases in women. The scenario depicted by this survey requires urgent critical review of indigenous health policy in order to better meet the health needs of Brazil's indigenous population.
|Members of the public||3||75%|
|Practitioners (doctors, other healthcare professionals)||1||25%|
|Readers by professional status||Count||As %|
|Student > Bachelor||14||26%|
|Student > Master||11||21%|
|Student > Postgraduate||3||6%|
|Readers by discipline||Count||As %|
|Medicine and Dentistry||14||26%|
|Nursing and Health Professions||10||19%|
|Agricultural and Biological Sciences||5||9%|
|Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology||4||8%|