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Prevalence of functional cognitive impairment and associated factors in Brazilian community-dwelling older adults

Overview of attention for article published in Dementia & Neuropsychologia, March 2017
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Title
Prevalence of functional cognitive impairment and associated factors in Brazilian community-dwelling older adults
Published in
Dementia & Neuropsychologia, March 2017
DOI 10.1590/1980-57642016dn11-010006
Pubmed ID
Authors

Andréa Silva Gondim, João Macedo Coelho Filho, Alexandre de Andrade Cavalcanti, Jarbas de Sá Roriz Filho, Charlys Barbosa Nogueira, Arnaldo Aires Peixoto Junior, José Wellington de Oliveira Lima

Abstract

The identification of the prevalence of cognitive impairment and associated factors among older adults is important in countries facing rapid demographic transition, given the significant implications for public policy and health planning. To determine the prevalence of functional cognitive impairment (FCI) and associated factors in Brazilian community-dwelling older adults. A cross-sectional study involving 461 elderly subjects residing in Fortaleza city, Ceará was conducted. Cognitive assessment was performed using three tests: the MMSE (Mini-Mental State Examination), VF (Verbal Fluency) and CT (Clock Test). The functional capacity evaluation was based on a survey of 21 basic and instrumental activities of daily living (ADLs). Cognitive impairment was defined by MMSE cut-off points adjusted for literacy. Functional impairment was defined as dependency to carry out more than four ADLs. The prevalence of FCI was 13.64% (95% CI: 10.33 to 16.64%). FCI was proportionally associated with age with OR=2.24 (95% CI: 1.04 to 4.79) for individuals aged 70 to 79 years and OR=8.27 (95 % CI: 4.27 to 16.4) for those aged 80 to 100 years. FCI was associated with self-reported diseases including hypertension OR=2.06 (95% CI: 1.17 to 3.65), stroke OR=2.88 (95% CI: 1.66 to 5.00) and acute myocardial infarction OR=2.94 (95% CI: 1.59 to 5.42). The occurrence of FCI was proportionally correlated with the number of drugs used. Functional cognitive impairment is a prevalent condition in Brazilian community-dwelling older adults and its occurrence is associated with age, number of drugs used, and vascular morbidities.

Twitter Demographics

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 22 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 22 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 5 23%
Unspecified 2 9%
Student > Postgraduate 2 9%
Researcher 2 9%
Student > Bachelor 1 5%
Other 2 9%
Unknown 8 36%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 6 27%
Unspecified 2 9%
Nursing and Health Professions 2 9%
Social Sciences 2 9%
Neuroscience 1 5%
Other 1 5%
Unknown 8 36%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 08 December 2017.
All research outputs
#9,801,834
of 12,269,011 outputs
Outputs from Dementia & Neuropsychologia
#59
of 66 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#245,773
of 344,112 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Dementia & Neuropsychologia
#17
of 18 outputs
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