Combined sub-optimal doses of Rosuvastatin and Bexarotene impairs angiotensin II-induced arterial mononuclear cell adhesion through inhibition of Nox5 signaling pathways and increased RXR/PPARα and RXR/PPARγ interactions.
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, January 2015
Paula Escudero, Aranzazu Martinez de Marañón, Aida Collado, Herminia Gonzalez-Navarro, Carlos Hermenegildo, Concepcion Peiró, Laura Piqueras, Maria J Sanz
Aim: Mononuclear cell (MC) infiltration into the arterial subendothelium is a key event in atherogenesis. Rosuvastatin (Rosu) and bexarotene (Bex) exert anti-inflammatory activity but serious dose-related adverse effects have emerged. The need for safer and effective strategies to prevent and treat atherosclerosis led us to test the effect of combined use of both drugs on angiotensin II (Ang-II)-induced arterial MC recruitment. Results: Vehicle, Rosu (10-30 nM), Bex (0.3-1 μM) or a combination of both, were administered to human umbilical arterial endothelial cells (HUAECs) 20h prior to stimulation with 1 μM Ang-II (4h). Surprisingly, a combination of Rosu (10 nM)+Bex (0.3 μM), which did not influence Ang-II-induced MC recruitment when either stimulus was studied alone, significantly reduced this response. This effect was accompanied by diminished Ang-II-induced ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and CX3CL1 endothelial expression and CXCL1, CXCL8, CCL2 and CCL5 production. Preincubation of HUAECs with Rosu+Bex inhibited Nox5 expression and Nox5-induced RhoA activation stimulated by Ang-II through increased RXRalpha, PPARalpha and PPARgamma expression in addition to RXRalpha/PPARalpha and RXRalpha/PPARgamma interactions. In vivo, combined but not single administration of Rosu (1.25 mg/kg/day) and Bex (10 mg/kg/day), significantly diminished Ang-II-induced arteriolar leukocyte adhesion in the cremasteric microcirculation of C57BL/6 mice and atherosclerotic lesion formation in apoE-/- mice subjected to an atherogenic diet. Innovation and conclusion: Combined administration of Bex+Rosu at suboptimal doses may constitute a new alternative and effective therapy in the control of the vascular inflammation associated to cardiometabolic disorders since they synergize in their anti-inflammatory actions and may counteract their associated adverse effects.
|Members of the public||1||50%|
|Readers by professional status||Count||As %|
|Student > Ph. D. Student||5||25%|
|Student > Master||3||15%|
|Student > Bachelor||2||10%|
|Readers by discipline||Count||As %|
|Medicine and Dentistry||8||40%|
|Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology||5||25%|
|Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science||2||10%|
|Agricultural and Biological Sciences||1||5%|