↓ Skip to main content

Vitamin A, vitamin E, iron and zinc status in a cohort of HIV-infected mothers and their uninfected infants

Overview of attention for article published in Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, December 2014
Altmetric Badge

Mentioned by

twitter
1 tweeter

Citations

dimensions_citation
4 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
49 Mendeley
You are seeing a free-to-access but limited selection of the activity Altmetric has collected about this research output. Click here to find out more.
Title
Vitamin A, vitamin E, iron and zinc status in a cohort of HIV-infected mothers and their uninfected infants
Published in
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, December 2014
DOI 10.1590/0037-8682-0226-2014
Pubmed ID
Authors

Jacqueline Pontes Monteiro, Maria Letícia Santos Cruz, Marisa Márcia Mussi-Pinhata, Roberta Garcia Salomão, Alceu Jordão Junior, Jennifer Suzanne Read, José Henrique da Silva Pilotto, Rachel Ann Cohen, Sonia Karolina Stoszek, George Kelly Siberry

Abstract

Introduction We hypothesized that nutritional deficiency would be common in a cohort of postpartum, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected women and their infants. Methods Weight and height, as well as blood concentrations of retinol, α-tocopherol, ferritin, hemoglobin, and zinc, were measured in mothers after delivery and in their infants at birth and at 6-12 weeks and six months of age. Retinol and α-tocopherol levels were quantified by high performance liquid chromatography, and zinc levels were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The maternal body mass index during pregnancy was adjusted for gestational age (adjBMI). Results Among the 97 women 19.6% were underweight. Laboratory abnormalities were most frequently observed for the hemoglobin (46.4%), zinc (41.1%), retinol (12.5%) and ferritin (6.5%) levels. Five percent of the women had mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentrations < 31g/dL. The most common deficiency in the infants was α-tocopherol (81%) at birth; however, only 18.5% of infants had deficient levels at six months of age. Large percentages of infants had zinc (36.8%) and retinol (29.5%) deficiencies at birth; however, these percentages decreased to 17.5% and 18.5%, respectively, by six months of age. No associations between infant micronutrient deficiencies and either the maternal adjBMI category or maternal micronutrient deficiencies were found. Conclusions Micronutrient deficiencies were common in HIV-infected women and their infants. Micronutrient deficiencies were less prevalent in the infants at six months of age. Neither underweight women nor their infants at birth were at increased risk for micronutrient deficiencies.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 49 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Brazil 1 2%
Unknown 48 98%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 10 20%
Student > Bachelor 8 16%
Student > Postgraduate 6 12%
Other 4 8%
Lecturer 3 6%
Other 5 10%
Unknown 13 27%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 15 31%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 5 10%
Nursing and Health Professions 5 10%
Arts and Humanities 1 2%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 1 2%
Other 7 14%
Unknown 15 31%