↓ Skip to main content

The cross-cultural validity of the Resilience Scale for Adults: a comparison between Norway and Brazil

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Psychology, June 2015
Altmetric Badge


13 Dimensions

Readers on

60 Mendeley
You are seeing a free-to-access but limited selection of the activity Altmetric has collected about this research output. Click here to find out more.
The cross-cultural validity of the Resilience Scale for Adults: a comparison between Norway and Brazil
Published in
BMC Psychology, June 2015
DOI 10.1186/s40359-015-0076-1
Pubmed ID

Odin Hjemdal, Antonio Roazzi, Maria da Graça B. B. Dias, Oddgeir Friborg


The resilience construct is of increasing interest in clinical and health psychology. The Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) is a measure of protective factors. The evidence supporting its construct validity is good, however evidence of cross-cultural validity is modest. The present study explored the factorial invariance of the RSA across a Brazilian and a Norwegian sample, as well as the construct validity in the Brazilian sample. The Brazilian sample (N = 222) completed the Hopkins Symptom Check List-25 (HSCL-25), the Sense of Coherence (SOC), and the RSA. The Norwegian sample (N = 314) was included in order to examine the factorial invariance. The results indicated that the latent constructs of the RSA (its primary factors) are the same in the Brazilian sample as in the Norwegian sample. The correlations between the subscales of the RSA were significant. In the Brazilian sample, the correlations with HSCL-25 and SOC were negative and positive, respectively, thus supporting its construct validity. The results indicate that the original factor structure of the RSA based on Norwegian samples remains stable in a Brazilian sample.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 60 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Peru 1 2%
Canada 1 2%
Unknown 58 97%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 19 32%
Student > Ph. D. Student 10 17%
Researcher 8 13%
Student > Doctoral Student 5 8%
Student > Bachelor 4 7%
Other 14 23%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 24 40%
Medicine and Dentistry 10 17%
Social Sciences 10 17%
Unspecified 6 10%
Nursing and Health Professions 3 5%
Other 7 12%