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Waist Circumference is Associated with Blood Pressure in Children with Normal Body Mass Index: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of 3,417 School Children

Overview of attention for article published in Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, January 2017
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Title
Waist Circumference is Associated with Blood Pressure in Children with Normal Body Mass Index: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of 3,417 School Children
Published in
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, January 2017
DOI 10.5935/abc.20170162
Pubmed ID
Authors

Daiane Cristina Pazin, Caroline Filla Rosaneli, Márcia Olandoski, Edna Regina Netto de Oliveira, Cristina Pellegrino Baena, Alyne S Figueredo, Analin Ono Baraniuk, Tatiana Lorena da Luz Kaestner, Luiz Cesar Guarita-Souza, José Rocha Faria-Neto

Abstract

The prevalence of childhood obesity and associated conditions, such as hypertension, has become a major problem of public health. Although waist circumference (WC) is a marker of cardiovascular risk in adults, it is unclear whether this index is associated with cardiovascular risk factors in children. Our aim was to evaluate the association between increased WC and elevated blood pressure (BP) in children with normal body mass index (BMI) ranges. Cross-sectional evaluation of students between 6 and 11 years with normal BMI. WC was categorized by quartile for each age group. Normal BP was defined as values < 90th percentile, and levels above this range were considered elevated. Values of p < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Of the 5,037 children initially assessed, 404 (8%) were excluded for being underweight and 1,216 (24.1%) were excluded for being overweight or obese. A final sample of 3,417 children was evaluated. The prevalence of elevated BP was 10.7%. In children with WC in the lowest quartile, the prevalence of elevated BP was 8.1%. This prevalence increased in upper quartiles: 10.6% in the second, 12.4% in third and 12.1% in the upper quartile. So, in this group, being in the highest WC quartile was associated with a 57% higher likelihood to present elevated BP when compared to those in the lowest quartile (Q4 vs Q1; OR 1.57 - 95%CI 1.14 - 2.17). In children aged 6 to 11 years, increased waist circumference is associated with elevated BP even when BMI is normal.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 68 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 68 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 16 24%
Student > Doctoral Student 7 10%
Student > Postgraduate 6 9%
Student > Master 4 6%
Professor 3 4%
Other 8 12%
Unknown 24 35%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Nursing and Health Professions 17 25%
Medicine and Dentistry 15 22%
Arts and Humanities 2 3%
Economics, Econometrics and Finance 2 3%
Sports and Recreations 2 3%
Other 6 9%
Unknown 24 35%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 14 December 2017.
All research outputs
#12,109,214
of 13,643,660 outputs
Outputs from Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
#450
of 513 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#297,991
of 350,911 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
#38
of 51 outputs
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So far Altmetric has tracked 513 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 2.0. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
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We're also able to compare this research output to 51 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.