[Prevention strategies for testicular and penile cancer: an integrative review].
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP, March 2011
de Souza KW, dos Reis PE, Gomes IP, de Carvalho EC
Testicular and penile cancers are genital disorders that affect a small part of population, but are generally aggressive mainly because of the dramatic psychological effect they impose over patients. The purpose of this study was to identify evidence concerning preventing strategies for the referred types of cancer. An integrative literature review was performed on the COCHRANE, PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, BDENF and CINAHL databases using the following controlled descriptors: health promotion, risk factors, primary prevention, and urogenital neoplasms; and uncontrolled descriptors: prevention, penile cancer, testicle cancer. The studies were unanimous in concluding that self-examination of testicles is the best way to identify a possible event of testicular cancer. Circumcision, prevention for sexual transmission diseases and adequate hygiene were the most important manners for penile cancer prevention. Nurses should assume the role for general and specific health promotion, considering the major impact it would have for prevention of diseases, especially for the urogenital cancers studied in this review.
|Readers by professional status||Count||As %|
|Student > Bachelor||16||50%|
|Student > Master||3||9%|
|Student > Postgraduate||3||9%|
|Student > Doctoral Student||2||6%|
|Readers by discipline||Count||As %|
|Medicine and Dentistry||15||47%|
|Nursing and Health Professions||4||13%|
|Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology||2||6%|
|Agricultural and Biological Sciences||2||6%|