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U-Th dating of carbonate crusts reveals Neandertal origin of Iberian cave art

Overview of attention for article published in Science, February 2018
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • Among the highest-scoring outputs from this source (#28 of 63,831)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (99th percentile)

Citations

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Readers on

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276 Mendeley
Title
U-Th dating of carbonate crusts reveals Neandertal origin of Iberian cave art
Published in
Science, February 2018
DOI 10.1126/science.aap7778
Pubmed ID
Authors

D. L. Hoffmann, C. D. Standish, M. García-Diez, P. B. Pettitt, J. A. Milton, J. Zilhão, J. J. Alcolea-González, P. Cantalejo-Duarte, H. Collado, R. de Balbín, M. Lorblanchet, J. Ramos-Muñoz, G.-Ch. Weniger, A. W. G. Pike

Abstract

The extent and nature of symbolic behavior among Neandertals are obscure. Although evidence for Neandertal body ornamentation has been proposed, all cave painting has been attributed to modern humans. Here we present dating results for three sites in Spain that show that cave art emerged in Iberia substantially earlier than previously thought. Uranium-thorium (U-Th) dates on carbonate crusts overlying paintings provide minimum ages for a red linear motif in La Pasiega (Cantabria), a hand stencil in Maltravieso (Extremadura), and red-painted speleothems in Ardales (Andalucía). Collectively, these results show that cave art in Iberia is older than 64.8 thousand years (ka). This cave art is the earliest dated so far and predates, by at least 20 ka, the arrival of modern humans in Europe, which implies Neandertal authorship.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 1,310 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 276 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 276 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 60 22%
Researcher 46 17%
Student > Bachelor 40 14%
Student > Master 32 12%
Professor 21 8%
Other 44 16%
Unknown 33 12%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Arts and Humanities 60 22%
Social Sciences 42 15%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 31 11%
Earth and Planetary Sciences 19 7%
Psychology 13 5%
Other 61 22%
Unknown 50 18%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 3065. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 21 January 2020.
All research outputs
#286
of 14,173,431 outputs
Outputs from Science
#28
of 63,831 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#20
of 273,836 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Science
#4
of 1,058 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 14,173,431 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 63,831 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 45.7. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 273,836 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1,058 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.