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Social conditions and immune response in human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive pregnant women: a cross-sectional study in Brazil

Overview of attention for article published in Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, February 2018
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Mentioned by

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4 tweeters

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25 Mendeley
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Title
Social conditions and immune response in human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive pregnant women: a cross-sectional study in Brazil
Published in
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, February 2018
DOI 10.1590/0037-8682-0107-2017
Pubmed ID
Authors

Aletheia Soares Sampaio, Ana Lucia Ribeiro de Vasconcelos, Clarice Neuenschwander Lins de Morais, George Tadeu Nunes Diniz, Anna Lígia de Castro Figueiredo, Sílvia Maria Lucena Montenegro

Abstract

The functioning of the immune system during pregnancy is altered in both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and uninfected women. Unfavorable socioeconomic conditions have been indicative of higher morbidity and mortality and worsening of the immune system. The aim of this study was to correlate social status with levels of interleukin (IL)-10 (non-inflammatory) and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ; inflammatory) cytokines. A cross-sectional study was conducted with three groups of women: 33 pregnant HIV-infected (G1); 40 non-pregnant, HIV-infected (G2); and 35 pregnant, HIV-uninfected. To measure the social status, a compound indicator called the social status index (SSI), was established using sociodemographic variables (i.e., education level, housing conditions, per capita income, and habitation and sanitary conditions). The HIV-infected women had a higher proportion of unfavorable SSI (73% and 75% of G1 and G2, respectively). There were significantly lower IL-10 levels in the G1 group with both unfavorable and favorable SSI than in the other groups. No significant difference in IFN-γ levels was observed among groups. However, the G1 group had higher IFN-γ values among both favorable and unfavorable SSI groups. Higher rates of unfavorable conditions, including lower education levels, IL-10 levels, and a trend for higher IFN-γ levels, were identified among HIV-infected women, pregnant and non-pregnant. These factors may interfere in health care and lead to poor outcomes during pregnancy. Therefore, we suggest that health policies could be created to specifically address these factors in this population.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 4 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 25 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 25 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 3 12%
Student > Master 3 12%
Student > Doctoral Student 3 12%
Student > Postgraduate 2 8%
Student > Ph. D. Student 2 8%
Other 3 12%
Unknown 9 36%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Nursing and Health Professions 5 20%
Medicine and Dentistry 3 12%
Computer Science 2 8%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 1 4%
Immunology and Microbiology 1 4%
Other 3 12%
Unknown 10 40%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 29 March 2018.
All research outputs
#8,168,295
of 14,203,209 outputs
Outputs from Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
#60
of 260 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#142,290
of 276,638 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
#1
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 14,203,209 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 40th percentile – i.e., 40% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 260 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 1.4. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 74% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 276,638 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 45th percentile – i.e., 45% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them