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Measuring Aggregated and Specific Combat Exposures: Associations Between Combat Exposure Measures and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depression, and Alcohol-Related Problems

Overview of attention for article published in Journal of Traumatic Stress, March 2018
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  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (64th percentile)
  • Average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source

Mentioned by

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5 tweeters
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2 Facebook pages

Citations

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5 Dimensions

Readers on

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17 Mendeley
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Title
Measuring Aggregated and Specific Combat Exposures: Associations Between Combat Exposure Measures and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depression, and Alcohol-Related Problems
Published in
Journal of Traumatic Stress, March 2018
DOI 10.1002/jts.22273
Pubmed ID
Authors

Ben Porter, Charles W. Hoge, Laura E. Tobin, Carrie J. Donoho, Carl A. Castro, David D. Luxton, Dennis Faix

Abstract

Research has shown combat exposure to be associated with negative mental health outcomes. Different combat exposure measures are not composed of the same combat experiences, and few combat exposure measures have been directly compared to another measure. Furthermore, research about the unique associations between specific combat experiences and mental health is lacking. We investigated associations between new-onset posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), new-onset depression, and alcohol-related problems and two commonly used measures of combat among a sample of 20,719 recently deployed U.S. military personnel. A 13-item measure assessed both direct and indirect combat exposures, and a 5-item measure assessed only indirect exposures. Both combat measures were associated with all outcomes in the same direction (e.g., PTSD, odds ratio [OR] = 2.97 vs. 4.01; depression, OR = 2.03 vs. 2.42; alcohol-related problems, OR = 1.41 vs. 1.62, respectively, for the 5- and 13-item measures). The 13-item measure had a stronger association with some outcomes, particularly PTSD. Each specific item had significant bivariate associations with all outcomes, ORs = 1.43-4.92. After adjusting for other combat exposures, items assessing witnessing abuse, feeling in danger, and knowing someone injured or killed remained associated with all outcomes, ORs = 1.18-2.72. After this adjustment, several items had unexpected protective associations with some mental health outcomes. Results indicated these two combat exposure measures were approximately equally effective for determining risk for negative mental health outcomes in a deployed population, despite having different content. Additional research is needed to replicate and understand how specific combat exposures affect health.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 5 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 17 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 17 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Lecturer 7 41%
Unspecified 3 18%
Student > Ph. D. Student 2 12%
Student > Master 2 12%
Student > Doctoral Student 1 6%
Other 2 12%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Unspecified 9 53%
Psychology 6 35%
Medicine and Dentistry 1 6%
Engineering 1 6%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 4. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 01 April 2019.
All research outputs
#3,736,121
of 13,568,727 outputs
Outputs from Journal of Traumatic Stress
#445
of 1,167 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#94,586
of 271,284 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Journal of Traumatic Stress
#7
of 13 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 13,568,727 research outputs across all sources so far. This one has received more attention than most of these and is in the 72nd percentile.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,167 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 7.3. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 61% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 271,284 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 64% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 13 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 38th percentile – i.e., 38% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.