↓ Skip to main content

Measuring Aggregated and Specific Combat Exposures: Associations Between Combat Exposure Measures and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depression, and Alcohol‐Related Problems

Overview of attention for article published in Journal of Traumatic Stress, March 2018
Altmetric Badge

About this Attention Score

  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (62nd percentile)
  • Average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source

Mentioned by

twitter
5 tweeters
facebook
2 Facebook pages

Citations

dimensions_citation
26 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
27 Mendeley
You are seeing a free-to-access but limited selection of the activity Altmetric has collected about this research output. Click here to find out more.
Title
Measuring Aggregated and Specific Combat Exposures: Associations Between Combat Exposure Measures and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depression, and Alcohol‐Related Problems
Published in
Journal of Traumatic Stress, March 2018
DOI 10.1002/jts.22273
Pubmed ID
Authors

Ben Porter, Charles W. Hoge, Laura E. Tobin, Carrie J. Donoho, Carl A. Castro, David D. Luxton, Dennis Faix

Abstract

Research has shown combat exposure to be associated with negative mental health outcomes. Different combat exposure measures are not composed of the same combat experiences, and few combat exposure measures have been directly compared to another measure. Furthermore, research about the unique associations between specific combat experiences and mental health is lacking. We investigated associations between new-onset posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), new-onset depression, and alcohol-related problems and two commonly used measures of combat among a sample of 20,719 recently deployed U.S. military personnel. A 13-item measure assessed both direct and indirect combat exposures, and a 5-item measure assessed only indirect exposures. Both combat measures were associated with all outcomes in the same direction (e.g., PTSD, odds ratio [OR] = 2.97 vs. 4.01; depression, OR = 2.03 vs. 2.42; alcohol-related problems, OR = 1.41 vs. 1.62, respectively, for the 5- and 13-item measures). The 13-item measure had a stronger association with some outcomes, particularly PTSD. Each specific item had significant bivariate associations with all outcomes, ORs = 1.43-4.92. After adjusting for other combat exposures, items assessing witnessing abuse, feeling in danger, and knowing someone injured or killed remained associated with all outcomes, ORs = 1.18-2.72. After this adjustment, several items had unexpected protective associations with some mental health outcomes. Results indicated these two combat exposure measures were approximately equally effective for determining risk for negative mental health outcomes in a deployed population, despite having different content. Additional research is needed to replicate and understand how specific combat exposures affect health.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 5 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 27 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 27 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 4 15%
Student > Ph. D. Student 3 11%
Student > Doctoral Student 2 7%
Student > Bachelor 2 7%
Lecturer 2 7%
Other 6 22%
Unknown 8 30%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 11 41%
Social Sciences 1 4%
Nursing and Health Professions 1 4%
Medicine and Dentistry 1 4%
Engineering 1 4%
Other 0 0%
Unknown 12 44%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 4. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 01 April 2019.
All research outputs
#5,585,289
of 17,902,988 outputs
Outputs from Journal of Traumatic Stress
#629
of 1,471 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#107,789
of 289,006 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Journal of Traumatic Stress
#9
of 14 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 17,902,988 research outputs across all sources so far. This one has received more attention than most of these and is in the 68th percentile.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,471 research outputs from this source. They typically receive more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 8.6. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 57% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 289,006 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 62% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 14 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 42nd percentile – i.e., 42% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.