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CpG Islands

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Cover of 'CpG Islands'

Table of Contents

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    Book Overview
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    Chapter 1 CpG Islands: A Historical Perspective
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    Chapter 2 Biochemical Identification of Nonmethylated DNA by BioCAP-Seq
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    Chapter 3 Prediction of CpG Islands as an Intrinsic Clustering Property Found in Many Eukaryotic DNA Sequences and Its Relation to DNA Methylation
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    Chapter 4 CpG Islands in Cancer: Heads, Tails, and Sides
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    Chapter 5 Infinium DNA Methylation Microarrays on Formalin-Fixed, Paraffin-Embedded Samples
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    Chapter 6 The Use of Methylation-Sensitive Multiplex Ligation-Dependent Probe Amplification for Quantification of Imprinted Methylation
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    Chapter 7 The Pancancer DNA Methylation Trackhub: A Window to The Cancer Genome Atlas Epigenomics Data
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    Chapter 8 Methylation-Sensitive Amplification Length Polymorphism (MS-AFLP) Microarrays for Epigenetic Analysis of Human Genomes
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    Chapter 9 Genome-Wide Profiling of DNA Methyltransferases in Mammalian Cells
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    Chapter 10 Experimental Design and Bioinformatic Analysis of DNA Methylation Data
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    Chapter 11 Assay for Transposase Accessible Chromatin (ATAC-Seq) to Chart the Open Chromatin Landscape of Human Pancreatic Islets
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    Chapter 12 Defining Regulatory Elements in the Human Genome Using Nucleosome Occupancy and Methylome Sequencing (NOMe-Seq)
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    Chapter 13 Genome-Wide Mapping of Protein–DNA Interactions on Nascent Chromatin
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    Chapter 14 Analysis of Chromatin Interactions Mediated by Specific Architectural Proteins in Drosophila Cells
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    Chapter 15 High-Throughput Single-Cell RNA Sequencing and Data Analysis
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    Chapter 16 Functional Insulator Scanning of CpG Islands to Identify Regulatory Regions of Promoters Using CRISPR
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    Chapter 17 An Application-Directed, Versatile DNA FISH Platform for Research and Diagnostics
Attention for Chapter 8: Methylation-Sensitive Amplification Length Polymorphism (MS-AFLP) Microarrays for Epigenetic Analysis of Human Genomes
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Chapter title
Methylation-Sensitive Amplification Length Polymorphism (MS-AFLP) Microarrays for Epigenetic Analysis of Human Genomes
Chapter number 8
Book title
CpG Islands
Published in
Methods in molecular biology, January 2018
DOI 10.1007/978-1-4939-7768-0_8
Pubmed ID
Book ISBNs
978-1-4939-7767-3, 978-1-4939-7768-0
Authors

Sergio Alonso, Koichi Suzuki, Fumiichiro Yamamoto, Manuel Perucho

Abstract

Somatic, and in a minor scale also germ line, epigenetic aberrations are fundamental to carcinogenesis, cancer progression, and tumor phenotype. DNA methylation is the most extensively studied and arguably the best understood epigenetic mechanisms that become altered in cancer. Both somatic loss of methylation (hypomethylation) and gain of methylation (hypermethylation) are found in the genome of malignant cells. In general, the cancer cell epigenome is globally hypomethylated, while some regions-typically gene-associated CpG islands-become hypermethylated. Given the profound impact that DNA methylation exerts on the transcriptional profile and genomic stability of cancer cells, its characterization is essential to fully understand the complexity of cancer biology, improve tumor classification, and ultimately advance cancer patient management and treatment. A plethora of methods have been devised to analyze and quantify DNA methylation alterations. Several of the early-developed methods relied on the use of methylation-sensitive restriction enzymes, whose activity depends on the methylation status of their recognition sequences. Among these techniques, methylation-sensitive amplification length polymorphism (MS-AFLP) was developed in the early 2000s, and successfully adapted from its original gel electrophoresis fingerprinting format to a microarray format that notably increased its throughput and allowed the quantification of the methylation changes. This array-based platform interrogates over 9500 independent loci putatively amplified by the MS-AFLP technique, corresponding to the NotI sites mapped throughout the human genome.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 7 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 7 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Unspecified 2 29%
Student > Bachelor 1 14%
Researcher 1 14%
Unknown 3 43%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Unspecified 2 29%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 2 29%
Unknown 3 43%