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A national reconnaissance for pharmaceuticals and other organic wastewater contaminants in the United States — II) Untreated drinking water sources

Overview of attention for article published in Science of the Total Environment, September 2008
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (88th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (89th percentile)

Mentioned by

policy
4 policy sources

Citations

dimensions_citation
458 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
562 Mendeley
Title
A national reconnaissance for pharmaceuticals and other organic wastewater contaminants in the United States — II) Untreated drinking water sources
Published in
Science of the Total Environment, September 2008
DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.02.021
Pubmed ID
Authors

Michael J. Focazio, Dana W. Kolpin, Kimberlee K. Barnes, Edward T. Furlong, Michael T. Meyer, Steven D. Zaugg, Larry B. Barber, Michael E. Thurman

Abstract

Numerous studies have shown that a variety of manufactured and natural organic compounds such as pharmaceuticals, steroids, surfactants, flame retardants, fragrances, plasticizers and other chemicals often associated with wastewaters have been detected in the vicinity of municipal wastewater discharges and livestock agricultural facilities. To provide new data and insights about the environmental presence of some of these chemicals in untreated sources of drinking water in the United States targeted sites were sampled and analyzed for 100 analytes with sub-parts per billion detection capabilities. The sites included 25 ground- and 49 surface-water sources of drinking water serving populations ranging from one family to over 8 million people. Sixty-three of the 100 targeted chemicals were detected in at least one water sample. Interestingly, in spite of the low detection levels 60% of the 36 pharmaceuticals (including prescription drugs and antibiotics) analyzed were not detected in any water sample. The five most frequently detected chemicals targeted in surface water were: cholesterol (59%, natural sterol), metolachlor (53%, herbicide), cotinine (51%, nicotine metabolite), beta-sitosterol (37%, natural plant sterol), and 1,7-dimethylxanthine (27%, caffeine metabolite); and in ground water: tetrachloroethylene (24%, solvent), carbamazepine (20%, pharmaceutical), bisphenol-A (20%, plasticizer), 1,7-dimethylxanthine (16%, caffeine metabolite), and tri (2-chloroethyl) phosphate (12%, fire retardant). A median of 4 compounds were detected per site indicating that the targeted chemicals generally occur in mixtures (commonly near detection levels) in the environment and likely originate from a variety of animal and human uses and waste sources. These data will help prioritize and determine the need, if any, for future occurrence, fate and transport, and health-effects research for subsets of these chemicals and their degradates most likely to be found in water resources used for drinking water in the United States.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 562 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 12 2%
Canada 3 <1%
United Kingdom 3 <1%
India 3 <1%
Brazil 2 <1%
Malaysia 2 <1%
Australia 2 <1%
France 2 <1%
Czechia 1 <1%
Other 7 1%
Unknown 525 93%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 134 24%
Student > Master 116 21%
Researcher 81 14%
Student > Bachelor 49 9%
Student > Doctoral Student 47 8%
Other 135 24%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Environmental Science 171 30%
Chemistry 90 16%
Engineering 77 14%
Unspecified 75 13%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 75 13%
Other 74 13%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 12. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 17 February 2015.
All research outputs
#1,050,979
of 12,269,384 outputs
Outputs from Science of the Total Environment
#702
of 8,421 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#29,751
of 271,383 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Science of the Total Environment
#16
of 152 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,269,384 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 91st percentile: it's in the top 10% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 8,421 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 6.0. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 91% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 271,383 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done well, scoring higher than 88% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 152 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done well, scoring higher than 89% of its contemporaries.