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The Molecular Biology of Photorhabdus Bacteria

Overview of attention for book
Attention for Chapter 56: A Review of Clinical Cases of Infection with Photorhabdus Asymbiotica
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Chapter title
A Review of Clinical Cases of Infection with Photorhabdus Asymbiotica
Chapter number 56
Book title
The Molecular Biology of Photorhabdus Bacteria
Published in
Current topics in microbiology and immunology, January 2016
DOI 10.1007/82_2016_56
Pubmed ID
Book ISBNs
978-3-31-952714-7, 978-3-31-952715-4
Authors

John G. Gerrard, Robert P. Stevens, Gerrard, John G., Stevens, Robert P.

Abstract

The three recognised Photorhabdus species are bioluminescent Gram-negative bacilli of the family Enterobacteriaceae. They are all pathogenic to insects and form a symbiotic relationship with nematodes of the genus Heterorhabditis. P. luminescens and P. temperata are both harmless to humans whilst P. asymbiotica, on the other hand, is a human pathogen that is a symbiont of the newly described nematode vector, Heterorhabditis gerrardi. In this chapter, we review the epidemiological and clinical features of eighteen human cases of P. asymbiotica infection including fifteen from the published literature and three previously unreported cases. Human infection has been reported in the USA and Australia and probably occurs in other parts of Asia where it remains undocumented. Infection occurs most commonly in warmer months particularly after rainfall. Patients may have a history of recent exposure to sand or sandy soil. P. asymbiotica causes both locally invasive soft tissue infection and disseminated disease with bacteraemia. Soft tissue infection may be multifocal with involvement of more than one limb and the trunk. The organism is sensitive to a number of antibiotics in vitro, but treatment failures have been associated with the use of beta-lactams and aminoglycosides. We suggest treatment with a four-week course of an oral fluoroquinolone such as ciprofloxacin. The organism grows readily on standard media from specimens such as wound swabs, pus, blood and even sputum and can be identified in a clinical microbiology laboratory but the diagnosis needs to be considered. The correct diagnosis is most likely to be made where there is close cooperation between clinician and microbiologist.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 13 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 13 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 4 31%
Student > Ph. D. Student 3 23%
Student > Bachelor 1 8%
Student > Doctoral Student 1 8%
Other 1 8%
Other 1 8%
Unknown 2 15%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 4 31%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 2 15%
Medicine and Dentistry 2 15%
Nursing and Health Professions 1 8%
Unknown 4 31%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 06 June 2019.
All research outputs
#12,077,045
of 15,184,149 outputs
Outputs from Current topics in microbiology and immunology
#417
of 575 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#291,785
of 403,796 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Current topics in microbiology and immunology
#15
of 20 outputs
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