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The Molecular Biology of Photorhabdus Bacteria

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Attention for Chapter 57: A Practical Guide to Recombineering Recombineering in Photorhabdus Photorhabdus and Xenorhabdus
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Chapter title
A Practical Guide to Recombineering Recombineering in Photorhabdus Photorhabdus and Xenorhabdus
Chapter number 57
Book title
The Molecular Biology of Photorhabdus Bacteria
Published in
Current topics in microbiology and immunology, January 2016
DOI 10.1007/82_2016_57
Pubmed ID
Book ISBNs
978-3-31-952714-7, 978-3-31-952715-4

Jia Yin, Hailong Wang, Ruijuan Li, Vinothkannan Ravichandran, Xiaoying Bian, Aiying Li, Qiang Tu, A. Francis Stewart, Jun Fu, Youming Zhang


Fluent genetic manipulation of prokaryote genomes is still limited to only a few commonly used hosts. Ideally the advanced technologies available for cloning into recombinant Escherichia coli should also be applicable in other prokaryotes. In particular, 'recombineering' is mediated by the lambda Red operon that permits fluent and precise engineering of the E. coli genome and associated recombinant DNA. The major limitation is that host-specific phage-derived recombination systems are also required in more distant species. Recently, an endogenous Red-like operon Pluγβα has been reported to be effective in both Photorhabdus and Xenorhabdus bacteria. The Pluγβα recombineering system is based on three host-specific phage proteins from Photorhabdus luminescens, Plu2935, Plu2936, and Plu2934, which are functional analogs of Redβ, Redα, and Redγ, respectively. In this chapter, we provide a comprehensive and up-to-date method for P. luminescens and Xenorhabdus stockiae genome engineering via the Pluγβα recombineering system. In order to facilitate the rapid construction of knock-in vectors, recET-mediated recombineering is incorporated in the pipeline. Concerted recET system in E. coli with Pluγβα system in Photorhabdus and Xenorhabdus could promote reverse genetics, functional genomics, and bioprospecting research for these two genera.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 10 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Colombia 1 10%
Unknown 9 90%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 3 30%
Student > Master 2 20%
Student > Doctoral Student 2 20%
Student > Bachelor 1 10%
Unspecified 1 10%
Other 0 0%
Unknown 1 10%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 4 40%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 3 30%
Unspecified 1 10%
Chemistry 1 10%
Unknown 1 10%