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Active Brazilian crack cocaine users: nutritional, anthropometric, and drug use profiles

Overview of attention for article published in Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, February 2018
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Title
Active Brazilian crack cocaine users: nutritional, anthropometric, and drug use profiles
Published in
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, February 2018
DOI 10.1590/1516-4446-2017-2409
Pubmed ID
Authors

Escobar, Mariana, Scherer, Juliana N., Soares, Cassia M., Guimarães, Luciano S.P., Hagen, Martine E., von Diemen, Lisia, Pechansky, Flavio

Abstract

To evaluate the nutritional status of crack users and to analyze its correlation with drug use profiles. Cross-sectional study with 108 crack users. Anthropometric data were assessed through body mass index (BMI) and bioimpedance (BIA) measurements. A blood test to analyze hematocrit, hemoglobin, glucose, and lipid profiles was also performed. Crack use was determined through a standardized interview. Based on BMI and BIA, most individuals were eutrophic (about 70%). Regarding hematological parameters, we found that hemoglobin and hematocrit levels were below normal for 32.4 and 30.6% of patients, respectively. Considering normal parameters, a large part of the sample (60.2%) had low levels of HDL cholesterol and high levels of triglycerides (38%). There were no significant correlations between drug profile and nutritional variables. This is a pioneering study that examines the nutritional status of crack users. Our results showed that most crack users present normal anthropometric findings and the prevalence of underweight is low. However, blood analysis showed changes and a specific type of malnutrition.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 41 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 41 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 9 22%
Student > Bachelor 5 12%
Professor 5 12%
Student > Doctoral Student 3 7%
Student > Ph. D. Student 3 7%
Other 8 20%
Unknown 8 20%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 8 20%
Nursing and Health Professions 5 12%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 4 10%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 3 7%
Social Sciences 2 5%
Other 7 17%
Unknown 12 29%