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Integrative analysis of 111 reference human epigenomes

Overview of attention for article published in Nature, February 2015
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (89th percentile)


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3005 Mendeley
17 CiteULike
Integrative analysis of 111 reference human epigenomes
Published in
Nature, February 2015
DOI 10.1038/nature14248
Pubmed ID

Anshul Kundaje, Wouter Meuleman, Jason Ernst, Misha Bilenky, Angela Yen, Alireza Heravi-Moussavi, Pouya Kheradpour, Zhizhuo Zhang, Jianrong Wang, Michael J. Ziller, Viren Amin, John W. Whitaker, Matthew D. Schultz, Lucas D. Ward, Abhishek Sarkar, Gerald Quon, Richard S. Sandstrom, Matthew L. Eaton, Yi-Chieh Wu, Andreas R. Pfenning, Xinchen Wang, Melina Claussnitzer, Yaping Liu, Cristian Coarfa, R. Alan Harris, Noam Shoresh, Charles B. Epstein, Elizabeta Gjoneska, Danny Leung, Wei Xie, R. David Hawkins, Ryan Lister, Chibo Hong, Philippe Gascard, Andrew J. Mungall, Richard Moore, Eric Chuah, Angela Tam, Theresa K. Canfield, R. Scott Hansen, Rajinder Kaul, Peter J. Sabo, Mukul S. Bansal, Annaick Carles, Jesse R. Dixon, Kai-How Farh, Soheil Feizi, Rosa Karlic, Ah-Ram Kim, Ashwinikumar Kulkarni, Daofeng Li, Rebecca Lowdon, GiNell Elliott, Tim R. Mercer, Shane J. Neph, Vitor Onuchic, Paz Polak, Nisha Rajagopal, Pradipta Ray, Richard C. Sallari, Kyle T. Siebenthall, Nicholas A. Sinnott-Armstrong, Michael Stevens, Robert E. Thurman, Jie Wu, Bo Zhang, Xin Zhou, Arthur E. Beaudet, Laurie A. Boyer, Philip L. De Jager, Peggy J. Farnham, Susan J. Fisher, David Haussler, Steven J. M. Jones, Wei Li, Marco A. Marra, Michael T. McManus, Shamil Sunyaev, James A. Thomson, Thea D. Tlsty, Li-Huei Tsai, Wei Wang, Robert A. Waterland, Michael Q. Zhang, Lisa H. Chadwick, Bradley E. Bernstein, Joseph F. Costello, Joseph R. Ecker, Martin Hirst, Alexander Meissner, Aleksandar Milosavljevic, Bing Ren, John A. Stamatoyannopoulos, Ting Wang, Manolis Kellis


The reference human genome sequence set the stage for studies of genetic variation and its association with human disease, but epigenomic studies lack a similar reference. To address this need, the NIH Roadmap Epigenomics Consortium generated the largest collection so far of human epigenomes for primary cells and tissues. Here we describe the integrative analysis of 111 reference human epigenomes generated as part of the programme, profiled for histone modification patterns, DNA accessibility, DNA methylation and RNA expression. We establish global maps of regulatory elements, define regulatory modules of coordinated activity, and their likely activators and repressors. We show that disease- and trait-associated genetic variants are enriched in tissue-specific epigenomic marks, revealing biologically relevant cell types for diverse human traits, and providing a resource for interpreting the molecular basis of human disease. Our results demonstrate the central role of epigenomic information for understanding gene regulation, cellular differentiation and human disease.

Twitter Demographics

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 3,005 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 62 2%
United Kingdom 21 <1%
Germany 19 <1%
Netherlands 13 <1%
Spain 11 <1%
Italy 9 <1%
Canada 9 <1%
Brazil 8 <1%
Japan 8 <1%
Other 52 2%
Unknown 2793 93%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 932 31%
Researcher 738 25%
Student > Master 285 9%
Student > Bachelor 219 7%
Unspecified 182 6%
Other 649 22%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 1229 41%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 807 27%
Unspecified 285 9%
Medicine and Dentistry 253 8%
Computer Science 163 5%
Other 268 9%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 413. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 21 November 2019.
All research outputs
of 13,895,815 outputs
Outputs from Nature
of 70,794 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 215,787 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Nature
of 981 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 13,895,815 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 70,794 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 78.0. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 95% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 215,787 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 981 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done well, scoring higher than 89% of its contemporaries.