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Blood Pressure Variation Throughout Pregnancy According to Early Gestational BMI: A Brazilian Cohort

Overview of attention for article published in Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, January 2015
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Title
Blood Pressure Variation Throughout Pregnancy According to Early Gestational BMI: A Brazilian Cohort
Published in
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, January 2015
DOI 10.5935/abc.20150007
Pubmed ID
Authors

Fernanda Rebelo, Dayana Rodrigues Farias, Roberta Hack Mendes, Michael Maia Schlüssel, Gilberto Kac

Abstract

Background: The maternal cardiovascular system undergoes progressive adaptations throughout pregnancy, causing blood pressure fluctuations. However, no consensus has been established on its normal variation in uncomplicated pregnancies. Objective: To describe the variation in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) levels during pregnancy according to early pregnancy body mass index (BMI). Methods: SBP and DBP were measured during the first, second and third trimesters and at 30-45 days postpartum in a prospective cohort of 189 women aged 20-40 years. BMI (kg/m2) was measured up to the 13th gestational week and classified as normal-weight (<25.0) or excessive weight (≥25.0). Longitudinal linear mixed-effects models were used for statistical analysis. Results: A decrease in SBP and DBP was observed from the first to the second trimester (βSBP=-0.394; 95%CI: -0.600- -0.188 and βDBP=-0.617; 95%CI: -0.780- -0.454), as was an increase in SBP and DBP up to 30-45 postpartum days (βSBP=0.010; 95%CI: 0.006-0.014 and βDBP=0.015; 95%CI: 0.012-0.018). Women with excessive weight at early pregnancy showed higher mean SBP in all gestational trimesters, and higher mean DBP in the first and third trimesters. Excessive early pregnancy BMI was positively associated with prospective changes in SBP (βSBP=7.055; 95%CI: 4.499-9.610) and in DBP (βDBP=3.201; 95%CI: 1.136-5.266). Conclusion: SBP and DBP decreased from the first to the second trimester and then increased up to the postpartum period. Women with excessive early pregnancy BMI had higher SBP and DBP than their normal-weight counterparts throughout pregnancy, but not in the postpartum period.Fundamento: O sistema cardiovascular materno sofre adaptações progressivas durante a gestação, acarretando flutuações da pressão arterial. Entretanto, não há consenso sobre a variação pressórica normal na gravidez saudável. Objetivo: Descrever a variação da pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD) durante a gravidez e no pós-parto imediato segundo o índice de massa corporal (IMC) no início da gravidez. Métodos: A PAS e a PAD foram medidas no 1º, 2º e 3º trimestres gestacionais e aos 30-45 dias pós-parto em uma coorte prospectiva de 189 mulheres com idade entre 20 e 40 anos. O IMC (kg/m2) foi aferido até a 13a semana e classificado como normal (< 25,0) ou excessivo (≥ 25,0). Modelos longitudinais de efeitos mistos foram utilizados para a análise estatística. Resultados: Observou-se diminuição da PAS e da PAD do primeiro para o segundo trimestre (βPAS=-0,394; IC95%:-0,600- -0,188 e βPAD=-0,617; IC95%:-0,780- -0,454) e subsequente aumento de ambas até 30-45 dias após o parto (βPAS=0,010; IC95%:0,006-0,014 e βPAD=0,015; IC95%:0,012-0,018). As mulheres com IMC excessivo apresentaram média de PAS maior em todos os trimestres, e de PAD maior no primeiro e no terceiro trimestres. O IMC excessivo no início da gestação esteve positivamente associado com mudanças na PAS (βPAS=7,055; IC95%:4,499-9,610) e na PAD (βPAD=3,201; IC95%:1,136-5,266). Conclusão: A PAS e a PAD diminuíram do primeiro para o segundo trimestre e aumentaram do segundo trimestre até o pósparto. Mulheres com IMC excessivo no início da gestação apresentaram valores mais elevados de PAS e PAD ao longo da gravidez, mas não no pós-parto, quando comparadas às de IMC normal.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 95 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Canada 1 1%
Brazil 1 1%
Unknown 93 98%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 23 24%
Student > Master 14 15%
Student > Ph. D. Student 11 12%
Student > Doctoral Student 9 9%
Student > Postgraduate 6 6%
Other 15 16%
Unknown 17 18%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 31 33%
Nursing and Health Professions 16 17%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 7 7%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 5 5%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 3 3%
Other 11 12%
Unknown 22 23%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 26 February 2015.
All research outputs
#18,401,956
of 22,793,427 outputs
Outputs from Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
#718
of 1,074 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#255,756
of 353,009 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
#30
of 46 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 22,793,427 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 11th percentile – i.e., 11% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,074 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 3.3. This one is in the 18th percentile – i.e., 18% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
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We're also able to compare this research output to 46 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 21st percentile – i.e., 21% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.